Tokyo Conference on Afghanistan, 8 July 2012
Tokyo's conference participants reiterated their determination to counter the menace of illicit narcotic drugs through such means as crop eradication, the promotion of an alternative agriculture and the pursue of law enforcement. Those issues where agreed as essential to provide security and stability to the country.
The international donor community has attached a series of conditions to the US$ 16 billion aid that was announced in Tokyo on Saturday. Afghanistan is required to hold credible and transparent elections in 2014 and 2015 with a time table of dates for pools to be published early next year.
In the sectors of governance and human rights. Afghanistan will have to improve citizens' access to justice, especially for women, respect of human rights and allow the country´ s Independent Human Rights Commission to make his work.
The country was required to strengthen its fight against corruption with measures such as requiring senior officials to make public their income annually.
In the sector of fiscal transparency and banking Afghanistan is required to improve the management of public founds and ensure transparency while boosting supervision of its banking sector.
Must adopt international recommendations on ways to fight money laundering and terrorist financing. Kabul´ s government has to guarantee to improve its tax collection, rising the radio of tax revenues as a portion of gross domestic product to 15 percent by 2016 and 19 percent by 2025, from 11 percent now. The aid is also attached to a final condition concerning growth and sustainable development:
The government must promote private‐sector development and allocate sufficient resources to promote health, gender equality, education and food security.
The reaffirmation of the commitment made at UNHCR Geneva Conference from 2‐3 May 2012, was probably another important achievement. Indeed the efforts to provide return and reintegration of Afghan refugees have been understood as crucial to contribute to the security and stability of the country.