Law Enforcement

As a response to persistent Afghan drug and crime challenges, law enforcement agencies operate to uphold the rule of law. Commonly understood as the effective approach able to give back to afghan citizen.


The Law Enforcement or Sub-Programme 2 of the Country Programme for Afghanistan 2012-2014 supports national partners in Afghanistan in specific niche areas such as border control management, capacity development of the Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan and precursor control.

Sub-programme 2 focuses on improving the capacity of counter narcotics law enforcement agencies to meet the daunting challenges the country is facing, and is specifically designed to enhance law enforcement capabilities through mentoring, specialized curricula and training, focus on intelligence-led policing, container profiling, and increased use of forensic information for strategic drug control and crime prevention.

In working towards a secure border, the sub-programme includes support in equipment and training for drug interdiction operations as well as Afghanistan's active participation in regional border management activities. Furthermore, train-the-trainer sessions are incorporated to ensure sustainability of all activities. These areas are complemented by the integration of a code of ethics for law enforcement agencies, introducing integrity and governance principles from the anti-corruption work of the criminal justice sub-programme.

The  sub-programme supports cooperation on strengthening of financial investigation units.  Specific training on law enforcement techniques such as controlled deliveries and precursor control will also be undertaken.

UNODC will continue to facilitate training through the Counter Narcotics Training Academy in Kabul, working towards a standardization of training modules and mentoring schemes in coordination with the relevant partners, including utilizing computer based training.

Furthermore, additional assistance will be delivered to the forensic laboratory within the Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan leading to better criminal case preparation and an increase in seizures of drugs and chemicals.

Regarding border management, UNODC has assisted in the establishment of several border posts as well as selected Border Liaison Offices (specifically in Torkham and Islam Qala) and plans to extend this technical assistance along the Afghan border. Nimroz and Badakhshan will be the priority provinces, as they represent crucial transit routes (and manufacturing hubs) within the Triangular Initiative and Sochi Process (Quadrilateral Process). Strengthening the Afghan Border Police is a key part of UNODC strategy to link national capacity with regional operations. Border management measures in Afghanistan also facilitate its engagement with the Joint Planning Cell (JPC) in Tehran within the framework of the Triangular Initiative and the Central Asia Regional Information and Coordination Centre (CARICC) in Almaty.

An effective programme dealing with container control will contribute to the establishment of port control units as well as the coordination with the border management task force, inducing more effective inter-agency coordination.

UNODC will focus on Intelligence-led Policing, by introducing a strategic, future-oriented and targeted approach to crime control, through the Tactical Operations Centre within the Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan. In the field of precursor control, UNODC worked for the establishment of the unique Precursor Control Unit, and enabled the Afghan participation in the UNODC led Targeted Anti-Trafficking operation in the Region enhancing Communication, Expertise and Training (TARCET II initiative). Support to these initiatives will continue under this Country Programme.


* Sub-Programme 2 (chart)

* Publications related to Sub-Programme 2 (click here)