Estonia

 

Official name .. Republic of Estonia
Capital Tallinn (population - 0,40 mln.)
Population 1,34 mln.
Area 45,228 sq. km.
Ethnic groups Estonians (68.8%), Russians (25.6%), other (5.6%)
Age structure 15.1% under age 15, 40.8% aged 15-59, 44.1% aged 60 and above
Gender structure 54% - female, 46% - male
Urban population 69.40%
GDP per capita
13,509.10 USD
Total expenditure on social protection (% of GDP)
12.40%
Total expenditure on health care (% of GDP) 4.20%
At risk of poverty rate

25.00%

Estimated IDUs population size
13,800 (Uusküla et al, 2007)
Estimated adult (15-49) HIV prevalence (%)
1.3 (UNAIDS/WHO, 2007)
Main transmission modes Injecting drug use (48%), sexual intercourse, other (NIHD, 2007)
HIV prevalence among IDUs (Tallinn)
55.00% (ENCAP project, 2007)
HIV prevalence in prisons 15.00% (The Ministry of Justice, 2008)
Prison population 3676 (The Ministry of Justice, 2008)
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Sources: UN World Population Prospects, UN Statistics Division, Eurostat, International Monetary Fund, official data