Latvia

 

Official name .. Republic of Latvia
Capital Riga (population - 0,72 mln.)
Population 2,25 mln.
Area 64,589 sq. km.
Ethnic groups Latvians (59.2%), Russians (28.0%), Byelorussians (3.7%), Ukrainians (2.5%), other (6.6%)
Age structure 13.8% under age 15, 42.1% aged 15-59, 44.1% aged 60 and above
Gender structure 54% - female, 46% - male
Urban population 67.90%
GDP per capita
10,700.91 USD
Total expenditure on social protection (% of GDP)
12.20%
Total expenditure on health care (% of GDP) 3.00%
At risk of poverty rate

30.00%

Estimated IDUs population size
9 000 opiate and/or amphetamine users in Riga  (unpublished estimates, 2009)
Estimated adult (15-49) HIV prevalence (%) 0.8 (UNAIDS/WHO, 2007)
Main transmission modes Injecting drug use (58%), heterosexual (21%), unknown (15%), other (6%) (Latvian Infectology Center, 2009)
HIV prevalence among IDUs (Riga)
22.60% (ENCAP project, 2007)
HIV prevalence in prisons 6.62% (Prison Administration, 2008)
Prison population 6780 (Prison Administration, 2008)
....  .......

 

Sources: UN World Population Prospects, UN Statistics Division, Eurostat, International Monetary Fund, official data