Combating human trafficking and migrant smuggling
Human trafficking, nearly unknown in Central Asia during the Soviet period, is now a major problem facing the region. The weaknesses of existing systems of border control contribute to the growth in these criminal activities. All countries of Central Asia, however, have signed the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its supplementing Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children.
UNODC strives to assist in implementing this Convention to assist Government to eliminate all forms of human trafficking and migrant smuggling through raising awareness, ensuring adequate protection and support to those who do fall victim and supporting the efficient prosecution of the criminals involved. In Central Asia, UNODC has been instrumental in collecting data for a global study on human trafficking as part of the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN GIFT). Additionally, UNODC has worked to guide legislation development and to encourage and facilitate international cooperation and coordination.
Since 2007, ROCA has been assisting the Government of Uzbekistan in strengthening its criminal justice response to trafficking in persons. Activities include assisting the Government in strengthen anti-human trafficking legislation, training law enforcement and members of the judiciary and establishing a national human trafficking database.