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Country: RomaniaX
Found 52 cases
  • ROU054Decision No. 87/2008
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/traffickingpersonscrimetype/rou/2008/decision_no._872008.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2008-06-09
    Sentence Date : 2008-06-09
  • The victim, B.N., had previously had a relationship with H.G., brother of the defendant, E.N. From the relationship between the victim, B.N., and H.G. (the defendant’s brother) resulted a child, who was abandoned at birth by the mother, B.N. After he was abandoned by the mother, this child had been supported by defendant E.N., which the Court found to be a strong ground for the more lenient sanction applied to the defendant. At the time when the offences were committed, the defendant was living and working in Italy. In the spring of 2007, he convinced the victim to come to Italy to work as a housekeeper with the help of his brother, who was not aware that his brother E.N. might compel B.N. to practice prostitution. B.N. went to Italy with H.G. and they were both received by E.N. Just a day after their arrival, H.G. returned to Romania and B.N. was introduced to an Italian citizen, who was the owner of the residence where E.N. was living. B.N. was to provide housekeeping services for the Italian citizen, but only 3 or 4 days after her arrival, the latter told E.N. that he did no longer need such services, but allowed B.N. to live in the residence.The defendant then forced the victim B.N. to practice prostitution in exchange for the money paid for her transportation to Italy and retained the victim’s identity card. As the victim had no ID papers and no money, she accepted and practiced prostitution for one week, earning EUR 1,500 (money that was given to the defendant). B.N. was noticed by witness T.N., who was practising prostitution on the same street and who advised her to file a criminal complaint against E.N. Following her complaint, the police forces went to the defendant’s residence, but he had already left. After the victim’s return to Romania in 2007, the defendant telephonically threatened the victim to try to make her repay him the sum of EUR 400 and also return a mobile telephone. The victim alerted the police forces, who set up a sting operation, occasion on which the defendant was caught and preventively arrested on 1 October 2007.The amount of EUR 1,500 was confiscated from the defendant.

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  • ROU052Decision 7/A/MF/2008
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/traffickingpersonscrimetype/rou/2008/decision_7amf2008.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2008-01-29
    Sentence Date : 2008-01-29
  • The defendant, E.J.D. recruited and transported the minor victim E.H. in Sweden. In December 2004, the respondent forced the victim to beg through the use of deception, and with the purpose of economically exploiting the victim’s begging activities.

    The defendant also received another minor victim –J.P.D.- and the adult victim J.F. for the purpose of exploitation.

    Finally, E.J.D. also recruited two victims –E.H. and E.N.- and transportated them to Denmark. He forced the two victims to practice prostitution in order to obtain illicit material benefits.

    The respondent was arrested on 29 July 2006. The respondent did not have any prior criminal records.

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  • ROU053Case No. 33622/110/2006
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/traffickingpersonscrimetype/rou/2009/case_no._336221102006_.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2009-03-10
    Sentence Date : 2007-11-14
  • Defendant C.M. (also known under the alias “C.”) began recruiting young women in June 2002. C.M. recruited women of indigent backgrounds through deception, (false promises of employment overseas) in order to transport and transfer them to Italy. Upon reaching the destination, the young women were informed that they were going to practice prostitution. If any of the women failed to accept the proposal, the defendant threatened the women with physical harm to themselves and, more often, physical harm to the women’s families in Romania.

    In Italy, the women were subjected to the authority of a network of traffickers and their freedom of movement was extremely limited, which rendered the victims effectively isolated. The pandering/procuring was undertaken by defendant S.S.M (the concubine of the defendant C.M.). It was an established fact of the case that defendant C.M. was recognised as the leader of the criminal group.

    With respect to defendant M.G.A., he recruited young women and procured passports for these women to travel to Italy. M.G.A. also transported, transferred and sold victims to foreign nationals in Italy.

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  • ROU0022228/54/2008
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/criminalgroupcrimetype/rou/2010/2228542008.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2010-04-19
    Sentence Date : 2008-04-19
  • The defendant met the victims (3 minor females) in a county neighbour to that of their domicile and following discussions, he proposed them to go to Italy as dancers in a bar that he owned. The victims went to the defendant’s domicile where the latter took their identity documentation (id cards and birth certificates) and told them that the sole solution for them to be able to travel to Italy was to enter into marriages of convenience in order to obtain travel documents (passports). The victims were minors so they could not obtain their passports and leave the country without having their parents’ consent, but by virtue of marriage they would not require such consent anymore. The defendant obtained the victims’ consent for the completion of their marriages with 3 young men paid by the defendant in order to accept the marriages, and after the completion of the civil marriages he completed the formalities for the issuance of the victims’ new identity cards.

    Meanwhile, the victims were reported missing by their parents and the police begun an ex officio investigation against the defendant suspecting that he may be involved in juvenile female trafficking, the minors being transported to Italy and forced to practice prostitution.

    The police found the minors at the defendant’s domicile during their investigation.

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  • ROU02658 2009
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/moneylaunderingcrimetype/rou/2008/58_2009.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2008-12-11
    Sentence Date : 2009-03-18
  • In 2003, H.E.S. proposed to the victim H.B.E. to go to Spain in order to work as a maid, deceiving her that he has friends in Spain who can help her find a job. After two days, H.E.S. came at the victim’s house together with the defendant and her concubine, assuring the victim that she will find a job in Spain. They accompanied her to another city, where she obtained a passport, and after that they all went to a different town where the victim was accommodated at the defendant’s mother. On 11 June 2003, the victim was sent to Spain with a transport company, while the driver took her passport and gave it back to her only at the moment of crossing the border. Once in Spain, she was accommodated to the house of the defendant and forced to practice prostitution.

    The same means of action was used by the defendant in relation to the victim E.E., who was deceived that she will find a job in agriculture in Spain. When the victim arrived in Spain, she was accommodated to the house of the defendant and was forced to practice prostitution for 3 months, while she was permanently accompanied and supervised by the defendant, who also took the money received by the victim.

    As concerns the third victim, she was recruited in the same way as the other two, but after obtaining the passport for Spain the victim found out about what will happen in Spain and she managed to escape from the location she was transported to.

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  • ROU051Case CA Craiova 29-2008
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/traffickingpersonscrimetype/rou/2008/case_ca_craiova_29-2008.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2008-07-01
    Sentence Date : 2008-07-01
  • During the fall of 2006, the defendant forced victim S. to engage in sexual relations for money with witnesses T.E., E.O., N.M. and E.B.O in T.E.’s domicile. The defendant approached customers and provided transportation for them from and to the nightclub. The victim also had to perform sexual acts in the back of a store with several other men. Victim S. initially stated that she had been threatened and coerced into having sexual relations with these men for money by the defendant, but subsequently, recanted her testimony at the judiciary investigative stage, saying that she had done this willingly. 

    The Mehedinti Tribunal also found that the defendant forced victim B.S. to have sexual relations with several men while at a nightclub, under the pretext that they needed to cover the nightclub tab and the hotel room. Victim B.S. initially testified that she had been threatened and coerced into engaging in sexual relations with those men but she later recanted her testimony.

    The Tribunal found that both the victims and other witnesses had recanted their testimonies due to undue pressure from the defendant and the defendant’s family. The Tribunal found evidence of threats from the defendant and his family. In the case of victim B.S., they threatened her and said that they could procure her with a medical certificate that would make her non responsible for her own actions. 

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  • ROU050Case CA Galati 112A-2008
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/traffickingpersonscrimetype/rou/2008/case_ca_galati_112a-2008.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2008-09-26
  • The victim met the defendant E.B.H. in May 2007. E.B.H. was a customer of the pastry shop where she worked. Initially they became friends, but subsequently E.B.H. started to pursue her romantically and claimed that he wanted to marry her. He visited her house frequently and announced his intentions to marry her to the victim’s parents and sisters who lived with the victim in the same house. E.B.H. then told the victim that he had been to Italy, that he knew a lot of people there (including his sisters, one of whom is married to an Italian citizen), and that they could make a lot of money if they went to Italy.

    The victim later met co-defendant E.N., who falsely pretended to be E.B.H.’s cousin. E.N. told the victim that she had been to Italy, where she had worked as a maid, that she knew the language and that she would help the victim if she came to Italy. Both co-defendants reassured the victim of their serious intentions and promised to help her secure a job once in Italy.

    Upon arrival in Italy, E.B.H. returned to the trailer where they lived after being away for a few hours and said that there was no work and that if she loved him she would have to “walk the street” together with co-defendant E.N. He told her that E.N. had done this before, she could speak Italian and would help the victim with prostitution. He told the victim that she should engage in prostitution, in order to procure them -the victim and defendant E.B.H.- with enough money to get married and buy an apartment. The victim refused to prostitute herself and started to cry, whereupon defendant E.B.H. started to yell at her. After a few days, the victim finally succumbed and agreed to work as a prostitute. Since she could not speak Italian, E.B.H wrote down several phrases so that she could negotiate the price of sexual services on the street.

    Throughout their stay in Italy, the victim was frequently physically, psychologically and emotionally abused by E.B.H. whenever she did not make enough money or complained to E.N. that she did not want to prostitute herself anymore. E.N. acted as the victim’s guardian to ensure that she would not escape and as the negotiator/facilitator with the clients.

    On 18 August 2007, the victim was stopped by the Italian Police, and she verbally disclosed her real identity. E.N. later told E.B.H about this incident which resulted in the physical abuse of the victim. The next day, the victim refused to go out on the street and suffered subsequent physical abuse. When E.B.H saw that the victim still refused to comply, he told her to go out and make her the 900 € that he had spent on her transportation and that he would send her home by bus. On 20 August 2007, defendant E.B.H and the victim left Italy in E.B.H’s car to drive her back to Romania. On the way, the victim asked him to stop the car and he abused her physically. When she got home, her parents and sisters saw the bruising from the abuse.

    The victim filed a complaint with the police on 24 August 2007, and later cooperated with the police to apprehend co-defendant E.B.H. In his police testimony, E.B.H denied having deceived the victim about the nature of the trip to Italy and claimed that she had wanted to prostitute herself in order to pay off her apartment. Co-defendant E.N. admitted to prostituting herself.

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  • ROU039Case CA Alba 337-2007
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/traffickingpersonscrimetype/rou/2007/case_ca_alba_337-2007.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2007-12-05
    Sentence Date : 2008-10-30
  • In 2004, E.D.G. opened a night club offering striptease performances, and hired his friend, N.N., as bartender. During the same year, E.D.G. recruited five minors (N.J.M., G.H.F, I.E.F, I.F.D., E.N) and 8 adults (T.S.B, M.B., R.E., T.M, H.M.F, E.U., E.U., E.D.J). They were tricked into signing an unregistered contract offering them a minimum salary, bonuses and working hours which turned out to be a ruse for the plaintiff to get their identification documents. During 2004 and 2005 the victims were harboured in the attic of the building where the club operated, and they were only allowed to exit that space during the time they performed as hostesses in the club. There were three living rooms in the attic,divided into two bedrooms and a room where they would be forced to engage in sexual relations with various clients. They were coerced to perform these acts through various mechanisms, namely physical violence (battery and assault) and the creation of a false and permanent “debt” by the traffickers, making the victims pay for their consumptions at the bar during their working hours as dancers at the same exorbitant rates that the club was charging its clients. The purchase of sexual services was concealed under the order of a very expensive bottle of champagne, and N.N. was in charge of collecting the money. His role also involved ensuring that the victims would not escape from the premises. He did so by maintaining a state of terror towards all the other employees of the club. In September 2006 witnesses M.B. and I.F.D. managed to escape their abductors with the help of witnesses G.E. (M.B.’s mother) and E. N.N. pursued them in a violent attempt to take them back to the club, but the taxi driver who was transporting them refused to stop and took them directly to a police station where the plaintiff decided to quit his pursuit of the victims. 

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  • ROU017117/ 2004
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/traffickingpersonscrimetype/rou/2004/117_2004.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2004-06-16
    Sentence Date : 2004-06-16
  • The defendants met in Germany, where D.L. and R.E. were part of an international network of human trafficking.The two defendants came to Romania in March 2002 with the purpose of recruiting young women in view of practicing prostitution. Their trip was paid by other persons that were part of the network, who frequently sent money to R.E. to recruit young women, to pay their passports and other documents and to transport them to Germany. Although he didn’t posses a driver’s license, the defendant R.E. entered Romania by car, with a gas gun hidden under his seat. He went to Iasi, where D.L. contacted defendant M.V. to connect him to local persons that were practicing human trafficking. That is how they met victim M.G. to whom they proposed to go to Germany, where they will assure her a job. The victim was accommodated to several locations, the last one being a local motel, where subsequently were brought six other young women. The defendants eventually told the victims they will practice prostitution. After recruiting the victims, the defendants, through several other persons obtained passports and ID cards for the girls, bought them clothes and provided for during their stay at the motel.

    In August 2002 two defendants, along with three victims, tried to cross the Romanian border by car. Before leaving, D.L. hid R.E.’s gun at the root of a tree, where was subsequently found by the police. They were all found at the border, and, following a raid at the motel, the other victims were also detected.

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  • ROU0065233/2003
  • 2200,en,/case-law-doc/traffickingpersonscrimetype/rou/2004/52332003.html
  • Romania
    Verdict Date: 2004-04-22
    Sentence Date : 2003-04-16
  • The courts ultimately held that the defendant, together with other persons (i.e. his brother – I.O., I.M. – nephew, V.G., I.E. – his wife, A.R. – his son, I.F. – his daughter) have perpetrated various forms of human trafficking.

    V.G. had formerly been employed at the bar owned by I.M., nephew of the defendant. The defendant asked V.G. to recruit persons suffering from various disabilities in order to force them to perform street begging in France.

    The victim T.G. suffered from the disability of missing the lower left leg. He was recruited through false promises to the effect that he would benefit from a prosthesis, receive free meals and that he would benefit from half of the revenues earned from begging once he would pay his debts to the defendant (these included passport fees, transportation fees, a loan of US 100). When the victim changed his mind about going to France, he was threatened into accepting. The victim begged for approximately 60 days, earning around EUR 100-150 per day (a total of approximately EUR 6000). The entire amounts obtained would go to the defendant’s wife, and the victim would benefit only from a daily meal and endure improper conditions.

    Another victim, P.M.C., was recruited by the defendant’s wife from a Bucharest tram station and transported in France.

    Also, victim – C.C., recruited by I.O., died in Italy, on the way to France.

    The victims and their respective relatives suffered threats during the trial or were promised money in order to change their depositions.

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