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  This module is a resource for lecturers  

 

Student assessment

 

This section provides a suggestion for a post-class assignment for the purpose of assessing student understanding of the Module. Suggestions for pre-class or in-class assignments are provided in the Exercises section.

 

Assessment questions

Below is a list of open-ended questions for the purposes of assessment. Answers should be succinct (a maximum of 2000 words). Lecturers can adapt each of these questions according to the specific national justice system, victim protection services and relevant procedures.

  • Critically compare and contrast different types of victimization and how different type of harm can result from such victimization, using the United Nations 1985 Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power framework.
  • Critically compare and evaluate the limitations of the United Nations 1985 Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power in light of research findings on victims' needs, adopting a multidisciplinary approach.
  • List the main needs victims of crime might face and how they can be addressed within and outside the criminal justice system. What role should the State play to address victims' needs?
  • Explain the concept of recurring victimization, repeat victimization, revictimization, and the concept of secondary victimization drawing upon the attention of the role of services outside and inside the criminal justice system to reduce these possible conditions following victimization, by providing examples.
  • What can make a person more vulnerable for some type of crimes? Provide a few examples.
  • How does gender/age relate to the risk of victimization for certain type of crimes?
  • When conducting research in the field of victimology and of crime victims, which are the most reliable sources of data? List at least three different existing sources of data on victims in your country of which you are aware of, and explain what they are for, what are their advantages and disadvantages/limitations.
  • How can the research on victims of crime guide policy and legislation? List at least one example of possible use of research in your own country on victims of crime that has been used by policymakers or legislators?
 

Multiple choice quiz

Multiple choice questions and essay questions are provided. Additional questions regarding specific aspects of national legislation and policies can be integrated and added by the course convenor.

Example of a possible paper & pencil or online multiple choice quiz for the student's assessment (a quiz bank can be created, and/or put online):

Which is one of the aspects addressed in the United Nations Basic Principle of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power?

  • Victims' compensation*
  • Increased community awareness about victims' issues
  • To increase punishment and incarcerations rates

What does 'trauma' mean in the context of human caused victimization?

  • A physiological condition that makes a person perceive loss of control.
  • A sudden violent event (human caused or not) that implies a life-threatening experience.*
  • A single violent even that leaves the victim incapable of any reaction.

Why not all people react to a same/similar traumatic event in the same way?

  • Because of the social and cultural context within which the victimization takes place.
  • Because of differences between the internal resources that individuals use to handle negative life events.*
  • Because the way the criminal justice system responds can affect the way people react and cope with the traumatic event.

All are true*

Which of the following are components of the United Nations 1985 Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power?

  • Access to justice and fair treatment
  • Restitution or compensation

All of the above are true*

Which of the following statements are true?

  • The same type of victimization might affect different people in the same or different ways.
  • Criminal victimization affects people in different ways, depending on prior victimization.
  • A same crime can affect people in different ways, according to individual resiliency as well as social support.

All above are true*

In victimology, what does the term recurring victimization mean?

  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by any type of crime in limited span time period.*
  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by the same type of crime.
  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by any type of crime, across a wide span time period (childhood and adulthood).

In victimology, what does the term repeat victimization mean?

  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by any type of crime in limited span time period.
  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by the same type of crime.*
  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by any type of crime, across a wide span time period (childhood and adulthood).

In victimology, what does the term revictimization mean?

  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by any type of crime in limited span time period.
  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by the same type of crime.
  • A person victimized by any type of crime which becomes victimized again by any type of crime, across a wide span time period (childhood and adulthood).*
 
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