- Drug trafficking
- Firearms trafficking
- Wildlife and forest crime
- Counterfeit products trafficking
- Manufacturing of and trafficking in falsified medical products
- Trafficking in cultural property
- Trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants
Published in April 2018, updated in February 2020
Regional Perspectives: Pacific Islands Region - added in November 2019
Regional Perspectives: Eastern and Southern Africa - added in April 2020
This module is a resource for lecturers
This Module has focused on the systematic provision of illicit goods and services as one of the profit-making centre of organized crime and well as the particular markets in which organized criminal groups are actively taking part in order to make a profit. These activities also represent specific offences in most jurisdictions and can and shall be prosecuted as such independently of the involvements of an organized criminal group.
The specific goods and services provided by organized criminal groups depend on regional availability, consumer demand, regulatory and enforcement capacities, and competition from other groups and products. Supply, demand, regulation, and competition work to create and maintain criminal markets and those organized criminal groups that actively exploit them. Prevention and intervention strategies aimed only at organized criminal groups cannot be effective unless the dynamics of the illicit markets they cater to are also addressed.