This module is a resource for lecturers
Additional teaching tools
This section includes links to relevant teaching aides such as PowerPoint slides, video material and case studies, that could help the lecturer teach the issues covered by the Module. Lecturers can adapt the slides and other resources to their needs.
- Video 1: Recruitment motivational factors and subsequent disillusionment of foreign fighters joining ISIL » The motivational factors for foreign fighters joining terrorist organizations like ISIL can be complex and multi-faceted. What is evident too is that many of these fighters become disillusioned by the realities of their new situation, realising often too late that they are victims of effective but misleading terrorist recruitment propaganda machines. (UN News. Syria: UN study finds foreign fighters return 'disillusioned' by groups they joined. 4 August 2017.) Watch some or all of the following short videos which bring different perspectives:
Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism
Terrorism risk, including the underlying causes and manifestations of violent extremism, whilst sharing some common attributes and factors, can vary significantly across (sub-) regions. Therefore, it is important not to adopt a "one size fits all" approach, but instead to ensure that generic principles, factors and so forth are appropriately contextualized. In this regard, one helpful tool is the Global Implementation Survey of the implementation of Security Council 1373 (2001) requirements which summarizes key threats, trends and so forth within the (sub-) geographical regions of Africa, Asia, Latin America, Europe and North America.
Asian regional initiatives against violent extremism
- SCO (2017). The Astana Declaration of the Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Astana, 9 June.
- Yakovenko, Alexander (2017). SCO sets standards for countering extremism. RT, 7 September.
- SCO (2017). Press release on the results of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Heads of State Council Meeting. 9 June.
- SCO, The Shanghai Convention on Combating Terrorism, Separatism and Extremism (adopted 15 June 2001).
- ASEAN Secretariat (2015). Chairman's Statement of the Special ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on the Rise of Radicalization and Violent Extremism (SAMMRRVE), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2 October 2015. ASEAN Document Series 2015.
- East Asia Summit (2015). East Asia Summit Statement on Countering Violent Extremism. 21 November.
- ASEAN (2017). Joint Declaration of the ASEAN Defence Ministers on Partnering for Change, Engaging the World. October 23.
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of Kazakhstan) (2015). Central and South Asia Regional Conference on Countering Violent Extremism (CVE).
- Southeast Asian Regional Centre for Counter-Terrorism (SEARCCT) (2012). Youth and Terrorism: A Selection of Articles . Kuala Lumpur.
- Samuel, Thomas, K (2011). The Lure of Youth into Terrorism. In SEARCCT's Selection of Articles, vol. 2.Southeast Asia Regional Centre for Counter-Terrorism (SEARCCT). Kuala Lumpur.
Inter-American regional initiatives against violent extremism
To date, the OAS does not seem to have adopted specific instruments or initiatives aimed at preventing or countering violent extremism. It is possible though that such measures fall within the broader remit of "Prevent, Combat and Eliminate" terrorism which form the basis of OAS General Assembly and CITCE outputs, for example:
See national initiatives, for example:
- US Department of State, and USAID (2016). Joint Strategy on Countering Violent Extremism .
- US Department of State, Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism "mission is to promote U.S. national security by taking a leading role in developing coordinated strategies and approaches to defeat terrorism abroad and securing the counterterrorism cooperation of international partners." More resources available here.
European regional initiatives against violent extremism
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Council of Europe
European Union (EU)
- European Union, European Council (2017). Draft Revised Guidelines for the EU Strategy for Combating Radicalisation and Recruitment to Terrorism. 24 May. Brussels. 9646/17.
- European Union, European Parliament (2016). European Parliament resolution of 19 January 2016 on the role of intercultural dialogue, cultural diversity and education in promoting EU fundamental values . 19 January. 2015/2139(INI).
- European Union, European Commission (2015). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: The European Agenda on Security. 28 April. Strasbourg. COM (2015) 185 final.
- European Union, European Parliament (2015). European Parliament resolution of 25 November 2015 on the prevention of radicalisation and recruitment of European citizens by terrorist organisations . 25 November. 2015/2063(INI).
- European Union, European Council (2015). Outcome of the Council Meeting: 3367 th Council meeting: Foreign Affairs. Brussels. 9 February. Counter Terrorism.
- European Union, European Commission (2014). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Preventing Radicalisation to Terrorism and Violent Extremism: Strengthening the EU's Response . 15 January. COM (2013) 941 final.
- European Union (2010). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: The EU Internal Security Strategy in Action: five steps towards a more secure Europe. 22 November. COM (2010)673 final.
- European Union, European Council (2005). The European Union Counter Terrorism Strategy. 30 November. 14469/4/05 Rev. 4.
- European Union, European Council (2000). " Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation." 2 December. Official Journal of the European Communities, L 303/16.Directive 2000/78 on equal treatment in employment and education helps to fight discrimination, including through raising awareness about discrimination among stakeholders, civil society and social partners.
- Youth Guarantee and the Youth Employment Initiative, the Recommendation on long term unemployed and the recently adopted Skills Agenda. See European Union, European Commission (2016). Communication from the Commission to the European parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: A new Skills Agenda for Europe: Working together to strengthen human capital, employability and competitiveness . 10 June. COM(2016) 381 final.
- Radicalisation Awareness Network Centre of Excellence (RAN), created under the European Union Internal Security Strategy.