Kaliti High Security Prison, Ethiopia.

Mandela Rule 27

"1 All prisons shall ensure prompt access to medical attention in urgent cases. Prisoners who require specialized treatment or surgery shall be transferred to specialized institutions or to civil hospitals. Where a prison service has its own hospital facilities, they shall be adequately staffed and equipped to provide prisoners referred to them with appropriate treatment and care."

UNODC has significant presence in Ethiopia. Under the UNODC regional program title 'HIV and AIDS Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support in Prison Settings in Sub-Saharan Africa', UNODC provided support for the Federal Prison Administration to ensure that prisoners and prison staff have accessed to comprehensive HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support services. To ensure such services are provided to the intended beneficiaries, UNODC provided intensive capacity building for prison staff especially for health care providers on various thematic including the link between HIV and AIDS and TB in prisons.

The prison hospital Kaliti is equipped with reasonable medical equipment and staffed with relevant medical personnel and technicians. For some medical services specialists such as ophthalmologists, Dermatologists, Dentists and internists are regularly invited from community health care facilities to serve prisoners, Prison staff, and families of prison staff at the prison hospital on a part time bases.