Indonesia: Health and Development Challenges

Drug use and misuse undermines human resource development, impacting most on poorer communities; drug dependence can destroy the livelihood of households, undermining sustainable development.  In 2008 the National Narcotics Board estimated that Indonesia had 3.3 million drug users, of whom 26 per cent were experimental users, 27 per cent were regular users and 47 percent were dependent.

Drug users, particularly injecting drug users, face a very high risk of contracting HIV.  They also face discrimination the possibility of lengthy detention, limited access to medical treatment. Indonesia has deemed drugs a serious national issue and in 2009 the Indonesian Government passed a narcotics law (35/2009) which refers to drug dependent people as patients, not criminals. New policy and legal measures which address drug misuse and dependence are increasingly evident.