Indonesia: Criminal Justice
Reforming the criminal justice system, and in particular providing a fairer, equitable and transparent justice system, is one of the Indonesian Government's top priority areas for development. Justice system reform is also at the heart of UNODC's mission. Through Sub-Programme 4, UNODC seeks to leverage its expertise and support the Government of Indonesia by focusing on (1) enhancing the capacity of justice sector actors to provide for fair and transparent access to justice and (2) improving the justice system's response to vulnerable groups, particularly children and women.
UNODC, along with UNDP, has already completed a study on the effectiveness of internal oversight mechanisms of the Indonesian National Police, Attorney General's Office and Supreme Court. A follow-up on the study, including strengthening of institutional oversight mechanisms, both internal and external, will be a priority activity. UNODC has been engaged with the Witness and Victim Protection Agency and it has proposed to continue with advice and capacity building programmes, such as socializing standard operating procedures and victim protection schemes as carried out in other countries.
Specific programmes will be undertaken with the Directorate General of Correctional Services to enhance prison management and prison leadership capabilities in line with international standards and norms. These programmes will include improved database management and will emphasize alternatives to imprisonment and restorative justice and social reintegration initiatives.
To enhance justice responses to vulnerable groups UNODC will work toward strengthening child justice systems. This will begin with an assessment of existing child justice mechanisms in Indonesia. With regard to measures to prevent violence against women, UNODC envisions activities to address the needs of domestically abused women and to facilitate their ability to pursue their grievances through the justice system. UNODC will also work with provincial actors in gender mainstreaming and promoting women's rights and freedom from domestic violence in line with the newly adopted updated Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (GA Resolution 65/228). Work will also be prioritised in line with the 2011 UN Women report highlighting the problem of unequal access of women to justice systems.
The implementing partners of UNODC in Indonesia for Sub-Programme 4 are: the Supreme Court, Attorney General's Office, Director General for Corrections, the Police Commission, the Judicial Commission, the Prosecution Commission, Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection, Director General for Corrections, Coordinating Ministry of People's Welfare, Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Indonesian National Police, Witness and Victim Protection Agency, NGOs and CSOs.