Criminal Justice in the Lao PDR
The Lao PDR's location at the hub of -and land linked to- all five countries of the Greater Mekong Sub Region and the current global economic crisis as well as certain geo-political situations have played an major role in the significant increases in illicit transnational trafficking through the Lao PDR to other higher population centers within the region. Transnational organized crime groups exploiting existing loopholes to maximize profits also contribute to undermining the rule of law.
While minor traffickers have been arrested, it has been difficult to arrest major traffickers. The production, trafficking and abuse of synthetic drugs such as Methamphetamine and Ecstasy have replaced Opium as the major threat to public heath, national security and stability. Heroin, Marijuana and Cocaine also pose serious threats. Criminals are getting more sophisticated and the use of firearms and violence has become more common.
Proposed future criminal justice projects:
- Support to the establishment and sustained operation of the crime commission of the Lao PDR (Required funding: US$ 750,000)
- Strengthening of the Government's coordinating capacity in incorporating and enforcing requirements of international conventions on matters of drugs and crime into the national frameworks of law enforcement and criminal justice (Required funding: US$ 500,000)
- Strengthening of the legal, law enforcement and financial institutions in preventing and combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism in Lao PDR (Required funding: US$ 1,500,000)
- Support to development of the National Strategy to Prevent and Fight Corruption (Required funding: US$ 1,000,000)
- Strengthening of law enforcement capacity through training on basic and advanced investigation techniques (Required funding: US$ 1,500,000)
- Improving of access to criminal justice for the vulnerable group population (Required funding: US$ 1,000,000)
- Support to promotion of investigation and prosecution based on scientific evidence (Required funding: US$ 1,250,000)