Actions in Brazil
UNODC referral of trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling in Brazil started in 2002, at the signature of a technical cooperation project with the local Ministry of Justice, in response to the Palermo Protocol. It intended to enhance the contending mechanisms of trafficking in persons through situational analysis, increase of investigating skills, staff training and promotion of educational campaigns. This project was carried out until 2005 and was the first experience of a solid, vast and enriching partnership between UNODC and the Brazilian Ministry of Justice.
In 2006 a new project was implemented in order to strengthen the local capacity to fight human trafficking. At its first phase, UNODC supported the elaboration of the National Policy to Counter Trafficking in Persons and the National Plan to Counter Trafficking in Persons. After the publication of these two legal instruments, the project started a new stage. It then focused on the implementation of actions previously determined on National Plan, such as the creation of an assisting group, the establishment of state level nucleuses for trafficking in persons and municipal units for victim's attention.
Several training and mobilizing activities were held throughout 2009: national campaigns and publications to increase awareness about trafficking in persons among Brazilians. There were also undertaken a wide range of meetings and follow-ups on the National Plan to Counter Trafficking in Persons with the assisting group and with technical personnel of state nucleuses, allowing a project expansion including new state nucleuses and municipal units.
UNODC has been also supporting technical cooperation projects of the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD). This project is being held in Brazil by the Federal Police and by the National Secretariat of Justice, aiming to enhance the country's capacity to respond to crimes related to trafficking in persons.
Based on A Trinational Study about Trafficking in Women from Brazil and the Dominican Republic to Suriname: a joint intervention, published by the NGO Sodireitos, with the support of UNODC and the Embassy of the Netherlands, it took place in the City of Belem, in Brazil, at first a local seminar and following a binational seminar between Brazil and Surinam to deepen de debate about the situation of trafficking in persons in the region. These events were organized in 2009 through the partnership between NGO Sodireitos, UNODC and the Brazilian Secretariat of Policies for Women.
UNODC also work in the region known as the "triple border" (Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay), supporting the Brazilian Special Secretariat of Policies for Women in the implementation of a Assistance Centre for Women Victims of Violence, opened in late 2009.
Due to its regional character, UNODC Brazil and Southern Cone continues to work actively to ensure coordination between the local and national partners, in order to grant a more effective response in fighting human trafficking in the region.