United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime for Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean
In 1990, the General Assembly set up the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNIDCP) to coordinate international action in the field of drug control and, the following year, established the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme.
In 1997, the drug and crime programmes were brought together under the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention. Subsequently the Secretary-General of the United Nations through the bulletin ST/SGB/2004/6 published on 15 March 2004, established the organizational structure of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
In addition to implementing the United Nations' drug and crime programmes in an integrated manner, UNODC was established to ensure that the interrelated issues of drug control, crime prevention and international terrorism could be more effectively addressed in the context of sustainable development and human security. In order to achieve this objective, UNODC works in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices.
In 1996 the governments of Mexico and Central America celebrated a Memorandum of Understanding signing to collaborate with UNODC in order to fight the drugs and crime problems of the region. In 2003, UNODC and the Government of Mexico signed an Agreement for the establishment of a Regional Office for Mexico and Central America in order to supervise and coordinate the activities of UNODC within the region.
With this agreement, the Government of Mexico becomes in the main support of the Regional Office for Mexico and Central America and from 2008 with the Caribbean region too. This commitment confirms and acknowledge the support and joint responsibility of the Mexican government with the international community.
On 1 September 2008, the Regional Representative for this United Nations Office is Mr. Antonio Mazzitelli.
Likewise, UNODC in support of the strengthen of the regional cooperation, have signed on November 13 an Agreement of Collaboration with the Integration System for Central America (SICA, for its acronym in Spanish). With this basis, the Regional Representation promotes a Regional Strategy.