National, Regional and International Organizations
Since opening in 1997 in Cairo, UNODC has a strategic partnership with the League of Arab States which constitutes an ideal counterpart in the regional prioritization and planning context. A sub-entity of the Arab League, the Council of Arab Ministers of Interior, is active in fostering cooperation among law enforcement agencies, responsible for building capacity in the legal and justice system. Subregional organizations, such as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Naif University for Security Sciences, and the Maghreb Union complement regional initiative with a more focused regional perspective. UNODC's work is also relevant to the Arab Maghreb Union Agreement, which was signed in 1989.
In ensuring effective implementation of its projects, UNODC works with various international organizations. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria is a vital partner in the field of health. USAID and the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) are also among key partners. UNODC has also established a firm partnership with INTERPOL and EUROPOL in the field of crime prevention.
UNODC promotes a holistic development perspective in the UNDG Regional teams and the UN Country Teams (UNCTs) through the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) process. UNODC works particularly closely with WHO and UNAIDS on the provision of policy advice to Member States on harm reduction among people who inject drugs and in prison settings, including drug dependence treatment. The UNODC-WHO joint Programme on Drug Dependence Treatment and Care was launched to promote human and accessible treatment and care for persons affected by drug use and dependence. In addition, UNODC is a participant in the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) and works with the World Bank in the field of fighting corruption and asset recovery.
U NODC partners with NGOs and with civil society groups to advance the objectives set out in the Regional Programme for the Arab States. The fight against drugs and crime and the response to HIV requires not only a governmental but also a community-based response. The Drosos Foundation and the Ford Foundation have been fundamental donors to UNODC since 2006.
The Private Sector
The private sector is a key partner in addressing the problems of drugs and crime, including corruption. Business/industry codes of conduct can provide an important catalyst for private sector action, and the private sector can also be an important source of expertise as well as financial contributions. The private sector is also a key partner also in terms of workplace of prevention programmes.
The EU proximity policy towards the Mediterranean region is governed by the global and comprehensive Euro-Med Partnership launched at the 1995 Barcelona Conference between the European Union and its twelve Mediterranean partners. Since January 2007 the European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument has earmarked approximately €12 billion to support for reforms in the period 2007-13.