Anti-Corruption Mentor Programme
Project Duration: 01/01/2007 - 11/30/2016
Total budget: US $8,957,782
Donor: Multiple Donors
Counterparts: United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
Outline and Objectives
In the past few decades, there were occasional arguments that corruption could have beneficial effects on economic development, bureaucratic capacity and democratization. By the 1990s, experts challenged these assumptions and revealed the damaging effects of corruption. Empirical studies have shown that countries with large-scale corruption suffer from lower levels of growth of the gross domestic product and investments. Over time, corruption undermines growth when companies fail to compete in open markets and officials demand higher and higher levels of pay offs that grossly inflate the cost of business.
It is within this context that the United Nations began to develop instruments to establish a global response by developing norms and standards to combat corruption. the United Nations General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) on 31 October 2003 and entered into force on 14 December 2005 after acquiring the requisite ratifications. UNCAC is the first international treaty against corruption, and it provides a global framework for combating corruption. UNCAC contains four main pillars comprising preventive measures, criminalization and enforcement, international cooperation, asset recovery and return of proceeds of corruption.
The anti-corruption mentor programme is a global programme carried out as a technical assistance activity offered by UNODC to Member States to assist in developing their strategies and building their capacity to successfully implement the (UNCAC).
The project aims at increasing the capacity of Member States to implement UNCAC through the provision of training and technical assistance provided by the mentors. The project's immediate objectives include:
- Basing mentors who are anit-corruption experts in government institutions of selected Member States.
- Providing policy and technical advice and day-to-day implementation support.
- Giving technical support to establish anti-corruption institutions, identify good practices, provide training in investigation and prosecution of corruption cases.
- Advising on asset recovery and support development of anti-corruption policies.
- Increased number of requests from countries for assistance on specific aspects related to the ratification and the implementation of UNCAC.
- Placing mentors in several countries i.e. (Bolivia, Kenya, Tajikistan, Cape Verde, Jordan, South Sudan and Thailand).
- Placing regionalmentors to advise several countries in the same sub-region.
- 16 domestic laws and anti-corruption strategies have been revised/drafted in line with UNCAC in the countries assisted by national/regional mentors.
- Anti-corruption bodies and criminal justice institutions of beneficiary countries take effective action to prevent and control corruption and to cooperate internationally in the investigation, prosecution and adjudication of corruption offences.
- Seven institutions receiving assistance by the national/regional mentors to build and strengthen their capacity against corruption.
- Around 20 Countries which are assisted by national/regional mentors have developed or revised strategies for the prevention of corruption and raising awareness.
- Nine countries for which proposals for follow-up activities are in place as mentors leave.