Financial Investigative Training for the Commission of Integrity & Other National Investigative Institutions in Iraq

Project Duration: 23/08/2011 - 22/08/2013

Total Budget: US$ 1,999,987

Donor: USA

Counterparts

The World Bank (under the StAR Initiative)

The Special Representative of the UN Secretary General in Iraq

National Authorities

Target Groups

Commission of Integrity (CoI)

Other national institutions

Outline and Objectives

The Government of Iraq ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption on 17 March 2008.  Consequently, there is an immediate need to strengthen the relevant legal and institutional anti-corruption framework as well as the related operational capacities of Iraq to effectively meet the requirements of the Convention. At the first International Anti-Corruption Conference, held in Baghdad on 17-18 March 2008, the Iraqi Government ratified the Convention and confirmed its commitment to its effective implementation. In this context, it declared its intention to develop a comprehensive national anti-corruption strategy, to review and streamline the existing legal and institutional framework, to establish effective preventive measures, such as codes of conduct, asset declaration systems, and effective auditing standards, to promote ethical conduct, transparency and accountability throughout society, to design a public complaints and whistleblower protection system, and to build domestic capacities to recover the proceeds of corruption.

While the  by the Iraqi Government has been a major achievement for the Government of Iraq, there is a need for a comprehensive assessment focusing on the current legal and institutional framework as well as operational capacities related to the area of financial investigation.

Whereas several improvements to the current legal framework are under consideration by the Council of Representatives, even if the proposed legal amendments are adopted, other issues remain unresolved.  In particular, there is a need to enhance the capacities of the principal anti-corruption institutions of Iraq, especially the Commission of Integrity which is mandated to prevent and control corruption to effectively carry out its mandates in addition to other investigative institutions to enable them to carry out their mandates in a competent manner.

The overall objective is to build the capacity of the Commission of Integrity (CoI) and other investigative institutions to conduct financial investigations and to collect trial evidence on advanced or complex financial criminal cases involving the diversion of funds in corruption cases. This will be fulfilled through:

  1. Assessing the legal and regulatory frameworks and identifying gaps and training needs.
  2. Strengthen the legal and operational capacities for financial investigations and presentations in court of advanced or complex financial criminal cases.
  3. Ensuring that the CoI takes action to ensure sustainability of project outcomes and continuous transfer of skills.

This project will not only strengthen the capacity of the CoI and other relevant institutions to investigate Iraqi criminal activity but will also build its capacity to work with the US authorities in jointly prosecuting corruption cases involving corrupt acts relating to contracts concluded with US-based entities. In so doing, Iraq's national capacity for the enactment of domestic legislation will be improved.

Key Achievements

  • Training needs assessment conducted.
  • Curriculum and work plan developed to address the needs.
  • Logistical plan elaborated for the preparation and delivery of the upcoming training.