Support to the Process of Criminal Justice Reform in Libya


Project Status: Completed
Project Duration: 26/08/2007 - 31/12/2014
Total Budget: US$1,917,143
Donor: Libya, Danish International Development Agency


Ministry of Justice; High Judiciary Institute

Target Groups

The Criminal Justice Actors; The High Judiciary Institute; The Juvenile Justice Actors

Outline and Objectives

The overall objective of the project is to assist the Libyan Ministry of Justice in the development of appropriate policies and skills to engage in a sustained process of criminal justice reform. Furthermore, the project focuses on reform efforts in specific areas of the criminal justice system: the system of juvenile justice; penal reform; and measures to reduce prison overcrowding, including through case reviews and the piloting of an effective system of case management.

The project seeks to:
1. Enhance the ability of the High Judiciary Institute to access international materials, train judges and prosecutors and promote internal debate on criminal justice reform.
2. Support the reform of the system of juvenile justice based on international best practices.
3. Increase assistance to the ongoing process of penal reform focusing on the improvement of detention, rehabilitation and education facilities.
4. Improve case management and reduce the number of unjustly detained prisoners through improving accessibility of legal representation.

Key Achievements

  • Best practices and comparative experiences introduced by international experts through a number of conferences, seminars and workshops in areas relevant to the Libyan criminal justice reform process.
  • Laws related to the criminal justice reform process, including the criminal code, reviewed.
  • Educational and training capacities of the High Judiciary Institute enhanced to improve the provision of training for appointed and prospective judges and prosecutors.
  • The position of female prisoners, and children imprisoned with their mothers, were reviewed thoroughly and recommendations for reform to meet international standards submitted.
  • A national strategy and action plan to prevent and reduce the spread of HIV in Libyan prisons were developed in line with international/UNODC standards.
  • Prison managers, staff and medical personnel were trained on HIV/AIDS prevention and care.
  • A policy debate and national strategy on providing effective rehabilitation of prisoners.
  • Close cooperation with national counterparts on the establishment of an effective case management system in a selected court jurisdiction was initiated.
  • A comprehensive juvenile justice strategy system reform.
  • Establishment of a commission of national experts in order to reform the current illegal migration and smuggling of migrants' legislation.
  • A commission of national experts to carry out a study on the juvenile justice system in Libya focusing on the structural and legislative aspects of the system and making recommendations for improvements in line with international standards established.
  • A commission of national experts to conduct a study aiming at reviewing the situation of women prisoners as well as children imprisoned with their mothers, assessing the situation of the spread of HIV/AIDS in prisons, reviewing the rehabilitation programmes in prisons and making recommendations for developments and upgrades to meet international standards established.
  • A commission of national experts to carry out a study aiming at reviewing the state of overcrowding in prisons and the management of criminal cases as well as making recommendations for improvements established.