Drug Prevention and Health

Drug Prevention, Treatment and Care

Illicit Drug Use in Palestine 

In response to the increased drug use in Palestine, this assessment was carried out to examine the epidemiology of drug use, map services available for the treatment of people who use drugs and identify gaps between needs and existing services.




Estimating the Extent of Illicit Drug Use in Palestine

In Palestine, there is inadequate data on the extent of high risk drug use despite their importance to inform planned rehabilitation services. The overall objective of this study is to provide insights into the extent and characteristics of high risk drug use in Palestine. The effectiveness of available health services was also examined to identify needs in support of the implementation of a drug dependence treatment and care system.



Feasibility Study: Opioid Substitution Treatment in Egypt

Substitution maintenance treatment is one of the most effective treatment options for Opioid dependence. It is a safe and cost-effective Opioid dependence modality management as well as an extensively researched treatment modality. This study explores the feasibility of establishing an Opioid substitution treatment programme in Egypt. 



Lebanon's Youth Initiative - Smart Youth Making Smart Choices

A quick fact sheet on drugs. This flyer was produced for the 2012 annual ESIB Rally Paper, Lebanon, in which UNODC participated to spread awareness on drugs.



World Drug Report 2016

The World Drug Report 2016 comes at a decisive moment, just months after Member States, at a special session of the General Assembly, adopted a comprehensive set of operational recommendations on the world drug problem.

Chapter I provides a global overview of the supply of and demand for opiates, cocaine, cannabis, amphetamine-type stimulants  and new psychoactive substances, as well as their impact on health. It also reviews the scientific evidence on polydrug use, treatment demand for cannabis and developments since the legalization of cannabis for recreational use in some parts of the world. Chapter II focuses on the mechanisms of the interaction between the world drug problem and all aspects of sustainable development through the lens of the Sustainable Development Goals.


From Coercion to Cohesion

This publication aims to promote health-oriented approach in the treatment to drug dependence. The International Drug Control Conventions give Member States the flexibility to adopt such an approach. Treatment offered as alternative to criminal justice sanctions has to be evidence-based and in line with ethical standards. This paper outlines a model of referral from the criminal justice system to the treatment system that is more effective than compulsory treatment, which results in less restriction of liberty, is less stigmatising and offers better prospects for the future of the individual and the society. Drug dependence treatment without the consent of the patient should only be considered a short-term option of last resort in some acute emergency situations and needs to follow the same ethical and scientific standards as voluntary-based treatment. Human rights violations carried out in the name of "treatment" are not compliant with this approach.


TreatNet - Working Towards Evidence-Based Drug Dependence, Treatment and Care

TreatNet works with a wide range of health and social services for all those whose lives are impaired by drug dependence; it promotes diversified and accessible quality drug dependence treatment and care services, including HIV/AIDS prevention and care.


Guide to Implementing Family Skills Training Programmes for Drug Abuse Prevention

This guide has been compiled on the basis of the review of family skills training programmes, the meeting and a literature review and focuses on providing basic information and guidance to those policymakers and programme managers interested in launching a family skills training programme at the universal or selective level.


UNODC-WHO Joint Programme on Drug Dependence, Treatment and Care

This publication provides information about the Joint Programme. The main objectives of the programmes are to promote policies that strike the right balance between the reduction of drug supply and demand,and incorporate science-based drug prevention and dependence treatment, as well as providing essential services based on scientific evidence.


Schools: School-Based Education for Drug Abuse Prevention

This publication is the result of a Theme Meeting of Experts and Youth on School-Based Drug Abuse Prevention held in Vienna from 2 to 5 September 2002, organized by the Global Youth Network.

This is an attempt to provide a conceptual basis upon which teachers, policy makers and school administrators can make decisions about school-based drug programmes in order to achieve greater success in educational terms.




Size Estimation of Key Affected Population at Elevated HIV Risk in Egypt, 2014

Estimating the size of key populations is critical to the prevention programmes prioritization and planning efforts and to track programme coverage over time. Hence, the present study represents the first effort to estimate the numbers of men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs and female sex workers in governorates other than Cairo, based on national data.


Lebanon's Youth Initiative - Smart Youth Making Smart Choices

A quick fact sheet on HIV/AIDS. This flyer was produced by UNODC for the 2012 annual ESIB Rally Paper, Lebanon, in which UNODC participat ed to raise awareness on HIV.


Working on HIV and AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa

An informative pamphlet providing quick facts about UNODC, its partnerships and roles, its work in the area of HIV prevention and care and the technical assistance it provides to research and analysis projects. Furthermore, the pamphlet elaborates UNODC work in harm reduction for injecting drug users, community outreach, drug treatment, HIV prevention and care in prison settings and networking and advocacy.


Policy Brief - HIV Testing and Counselling in Prisons and Other Closed Settings

This statement and its recommendations are based on a comprehensive review and analysis of the evidence and an extensive consultation process regarding HIV testing and counselling for prisoners.



Protocol on Assessing Drug Use and HIV in Prison Settings

This protocol was developed within the context of a regional UNODC project on improving prisons' services to treat and prevent drug use and HIV. It provides the overall guidelines through which assessments should be conducted. The main objective of this assessment is the generation of operational recommendation of intervention aiming at improving access of inmates to drug use and HIV/AIDS prevention and care services in the prison settings.


HIV and AIDS in Places of Detention

This toolkit on HIV in prisons aims to provide information and guidance primarily to individuals and institutions with responsibilities for prisons and prisoners, and to people who work in and with prisons. In addition, it will assist everyone who has anything to do with prisons. Its  focus  is  on  HIV,  but  it  recognizes  that  other  diseases-in  particular  hepatitis  and tuberculosis-are  linked  to  HIV  and  also  represent  serious  problems  in  prisons.


Women and HIV in Prison Settings

Prisons are high-risk settings for the transmission of HIV. However, HIV prevention, treatment, care and support programmes are not adequately developed and implemented to respond to HIV in prisons. Moreover, prison settings do not usually address gender-specific needs. Both drug use and HIV infection are more prevalent among women in prison than among imprisoned men. Women in prison are vulnerable to gender-based sexual violence; they may engage in risky behaviours and practices such as unsafe tattooing, injecting drug use, and, are more susceptible to self-harm.


HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care for Female Injecting Drug Users

This publication discusses the risk of HIV/AIDS among female injecting drug users and the reasons behind this risk. It also speaks of the barriers facing females and how to cross them.



HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prison Settings

The purpose of this document is to provide a Framework for mounting an effective national response to HIV/AIDS in prisons that meets international health and human rights standards, prioritizes public health, is grounded in best practice, and supports the management of custodial institutions.