Publications

Countering Organised Crime, Trafficking and Terrorism

Drug Trafficking

World Drug Report, 2013

The World Drug Report presents a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in drug markets. It covers production, trafficking, consumption and related health consequences. Chapter 1 of this year's report examines the global situation and the latest trends in the different drug markets and the extent of illicit drug use, as well as the related health impact.
Chapter 2 addresses the phenomenon of new psychoactive substances (NPS), which can have deadly consequences for their users but are hard to control, with dynamic, fastmutating producers and "product lines" which have emerged over the past decade.

Dubai Statement

A statement produced to affirm the objectives of project " Dubai Police Drug Law Enforcement Capacity Building and the Prevention of Drug Abuse among Youth". The Dubai Statement pledges to effectively implement the policies of the Arab Anti Drug Strategy through extensive coordination and cooperation among Arab states and through the strengthening of cross-border cooperation. Furthermore, the statement emphasizes the importance of staff training and awareness campaigns.

Tripoli Plan of Action

An action plan for the purpose of combating drug trafficking and money laundering through the mail in Libya. The plan seeks to encourage regional cooperation and information sharing as well as the development of human resources and awareness raising. The Tripoli Plan of Action was developed under project " Strengthening the National and Legal Institutional Capacities of Libya through Multi-Sectoral Drug Control Assistance."

 

Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling

Video and Audio on Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling

UNODC has developed both Video and Audio guides to raise awareness of human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants among those who are vulnerable to trafficking, and those who are empowered to act against it.

 

Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking Indicators

Indicators present in situations of human trafficking and that should lead investigation. This publication highlights general indicators as well as indicators that can be looked for in children, domestic servitude, sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, begging and petty crime. These lists of indicators enable the general public to play a role in identifying victims of trafficking.

 

Trafficking in Persons Leaflet

In an attempt to educate and raise awareness, this leaflet provides the definition of trafficking and offers two case studies. The leaflet also explains the differences between trafficking and smuggling and highlights the main principles of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol.

Combating Trafficking in Persons in Accordance with the Principles of Islamic Law

This paper addresses principles on the prohibition of exploitation and slavery in both International and Islamic law, as well as principles providing protection for its victims. The paper is targeted both at Islamic practitioners who want to learn more about combating human trafficking and also at anti-trafficking practitioners wanting to learn more about Islamic law.

 

International Framework for Action to Implement the Trafficking in Persons Protocol

The International Framework for Action is a technical assistance tool that supports United Nations Member States in the effective implementation of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. The Framework is the result of broad participation between anti-trafficking partners including Anti-Slavery International, Council of Europe, ECPAT, IOM, ILO, LEFOE-IBF, OAS, OSCE, Terre des hommes, Johns Hopkins University, UNDAW/DESA, UNICEF, UNIFEM, UNHCR, UNICRI, OHCHR and UNODC.

Needs Assessment Toolkit on the Criminal Justice Response to Human Trafficking

UNODC, in the framework of the Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) has developed the Needs Assessment Toolkit on the Criminal Justice Response to Human Trafficking.

The main objective of the toolkit is to guide the assessors in gathering and analyzing information pertaining to a country's criminal justice response to human trafficking. More specifically, it aims to assist governments, the civil society, the international community and other relevant actors to conduct a comprehensive or specific assessment of selected aspects of a country's criminal justice response to trafficking in persons.  The toolkit contains a number of components that are crucial for curtailing the crime of trafficking in persons and provides sufficient flexibility to be used for assessments both in places where a solid infrastructure for combating trafficking in persons exists and in places with few or no such measures.

UNODC Model Law against Trafficking in Persons

Developed in the framework of the Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) to assist States in implementing the provisions contained in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing that Convention.  It aims to facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation as well as the adoption of new legislation. The Model Law covers not only the criminalization of trafficking in persons and related offences, but also the different aspects of assistance to victims as well as establishing cooperation between different state authorities and NGOs. Each provision is accompanied by a detailed commentary, legal sources and examples, providing several options for legislators, as appropriate.

Anti-Human Trafficking Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners

In line with the Trafficking in Persons Protocol supplementing the United Nations Transnational Organised Crime Convention, the purpose of the United Nations Anti-Human Trafficking Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners is to further facilitate the prevention of human trafficking, protection of its victims, prosecution of its culprits and develop international cooperation to achieve these targets.

The manual addresses each phase of the criminal justice response to trafficking in persons, from identification of victims through investigations and prosecutions of trafficking, to the protection of victims. The manual consists of 14 modules that stand alone to meet the specific needs of criminal justice practitioners, and serve as a practical guide towards a more effective criminal justice response to trafficking in persons.

Combating Trafficking in Persons - A Handbook for Parliamentarians

The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and UNODC, in the framework of the Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT), launched the publication Combating trafficking in persons: A Handbook for Parliamentarians.

As public awareness of human trafficking grows, people are demanding that action be taken to end it. As elected representatives, parliamentarians have a responsibility and the power to ensure that laws and other measures are put in place and implemented to that end. The Handbook is intended to inspire them to enact sound laws and adopt good practices that will strengthen national responses to human trafficking.

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons

Launched by UNODC on 12 February 2009 and based on data gathered from 155 countries, the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons offers the first global assessment of the scope of human trafficking and what is being done to fight it. It includes: an overview of trafficking patterns; legal steps taken in response; and country-specific information on reported cases of trafficking in persons, victims, and prosecutions.

 

Human Trafficking in the Middle East and North Africa

This publication provides information on the institutional frameworks and criminal justice responses of human trafficking in the Middle East and North Africa. This information has been extracted from the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.

 

 

An Introduction to Human Trafficking

A background paper for the Vienna Forum to Fight Human Trafficking that was held in Vienna from 13 to 15 February 2008. The paper explores the Forum's three central themes of vulnerability, impact and action.

 

 

Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons

The 123 tools contained in the Toolkit offer guidance, recommended resources, and promising practices to policymakers, law enforcers, judges, prosecutors, victim service providers and members of civil society who are working in interrelated spheres towards preventing trafficking, protecting and assisting victims and promoting international cooperation.

 

Smuggling of Migrants

Smuggling of Migrants Leaflet

The leaflet contains basic information on migrant smuggling, its ramifications and UN efforts to prevent it. The leaflet also aims to raise awareness among the general public.

 

 

Basic Training Manual on Investigating and Prosecuting the Smuggling of Migrants

Conceptualized as a 'practical guide for law enforcement and prosecution on migrant smuggling', the overall goal of the  Basic Training Manual on Investigating and Prosecuting the Smuggling of Migrants is to build the capacity of criminal justice practitioners to dismantle the criminal networks involved in migrant smuggling, secure the conviction of the criminals involved, raise awareness among criminal justice practitioners on the criminal nature of migrant smuggling, and improve cooperation between origin, transit, and destination countries. The Training Modules are designed to be used in the context of delivering technical assistance through training law enforcers and prosecutors on effective investigation and prosecution of migrant smuggling cases.  The Modules are written in such a way that they can be readily adapted to the needs of different regions and countries, and can serve as the basis for upgrading or supplementing training programs of national training institutes.

UNODC Model Law against the Smuggling of Migrants

The Model Law against the Smuggling of Migrants has been developed to assist States in implementing the provisions contained in the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. It aims to facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation as well as the adoption of new legislation. Each provision is accompanied by a detailed commentary, legal sources and examples, providing several options for legislators, as appropriate.

Money Laundering

Model Legislation on Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism

This model law on money laundering and the financing of terrorism is the outcome of a joint effort of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the International Monetary Fund. It contains a comprehensive set of legal measures that a domestic law should include in order to prevent, detect, and sanction effectively, money laundering and the financing of terrorism and to enable international cooperation against these crimes.

Model Provisions on Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing, Preventive Measures and Proceeds of Crime

These model provisions on money laundering, financing of terrorism, proceeds of crime and civil forfeiture are the outcome of a collaboration between the Commonwealth Secretariat, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). They form a starting point for State authorities as they evaluate the measures that should be incorporated into domestic law in order to prevent, detect, and effectively sanction money laundering, the financing of terrorism and the proceeds of crime.

Organised Crime

Good Practices for the Protection of Witnesses in Criminal Proceedings Involving Organised Crime

This publication provides a comprehensive picture of available witness protection measures and offers practical options for adaptation and incorporation in the legal system, operational procedures and particular social, political and economic circumstances of UN Member States.

 

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime and the Protocols Thereto

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime, adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime.

 

 

Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air

Migrant smuggling affects almost every country in the world. It undermines the integrity of countries and communities, and costs thousands of people their lives every year. The smuggling of migrants protocol was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 55/25 and entered into force on 28 January 2004. This protocol, which is signed by 112 States, is considered the paramount international legal framework to combat the crime of migrant smuggling.

 

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. The Trafficking in Persons Protocol was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 55/25 and entered into force on 25 December 2003. This Protocol is signed by 117 States and is the first global legally binding instrument with an agreed definition on trafficking in persons.

International Cooperation in the Prevention, Combating and Elimination of Kidnapping and in Providing Assistance to Victims

Report of the Secretary-General on measures to strengthen international cooperation in the prevention, combating and elimination of kidnapping and in providing assistance for the victims.

 

Addendum - International Cooperation in the Prevention, Combating and Elimination of Kidnapping and in Providing Assistance to Victims

Addendum 1

Report of the Secretary-General on measures to strengthen international cooperation in the prevention, combating and elimination of kidnapping and in providing assistance for the victims.

Terrorism

Delivering Counter-Terrorism Assistance

This publication discusses UNODC work in countering terrorism.

 

 

 

TPB Leaflet

This leaflet introduced the Terrorism Prevention Branch and provides a general overview of the Branch's role and its activities.

 

 

 

Menu of Services

This document makes an inventory of capacity-building services developed by experts of UNODC Terrorism Prevention Branch to strengthen the capacity of national criminal justice officials to implement the Universal Legal Regime against Terrorism.