Promoting Better Management of Migration in Nigeria by Combating and Reducing Irregular Migration(NGA X41)

The quest for a better life and the attempt to escape poverty has influenced a major segment of Nigeria's population to seek alternatives for better livelihood prospects for themselves and their families. Migration, be it regular or irregular, to Europe and other parts of the world is usually a sought after option considered by those seeking greener pastures. The restrictions and expenses involved in regular migration make individuals opt for irregular migration as an appealing and viable option and this desire for a better life has led many young Nigerians to elect to be smuggled or to fall prey to the deceptions of criminal gangs.

The project "Promoting Better Management of Migration in Nigeria by Combating and Reducing Irregular Migration that occurs, inter alia, through Trafficking in Persons (TIP) and Smuggling of Migrants (SOM)" is a 4.8 Million Euro project primarily funded by the European Union under the 10th European Development Fund and implemented by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).  Focused on "promoting better management of migration," the overall objective of the project is to strengthen the national capacity to better combat TIP and SOM in order to maximize the development potential of migration. This will be achieved through the creation of a coordinated, synergized, and comprehensive response at the national, state, and local level that targets both TIP and SOM.

In this context, UNODC is partnering with the National Agency for Prohibition of TIP and Other Related Matters (NAPTIP). It will also work closely with Nigeria Immigration Service, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Women Trafficking and Child Labour Eradication Foundation (WOTCLEF), and other state and non - state actors in the implementation of the project.

The project is expected to  achieve the following results:

(A)  Enhanced sector wide outcomes

  • Strengthened gender sensitive national sectoral implementation of anti-TIP and SOM activities
  • Adequate national legislative framework to combat TIP and SOM
  • Enhanced capacity of the National Monitoring Centre (NAPTIP), its zonal offices, to obtain, manage, use, and share data on TIP with other LEAs and service providers, as appropriate
  • A nationwide sustainable coherent mechanism is established on coordination of TIP and SOM resulting in increased inter-agency and institutional (including Civil Societies) coordination

(B) Improved and more effective victim support and protection measures

  • Strengthened victim/witness protection mechanisms for victims/witnesses of TIP and SOM
  • More effective enforcement and improved delivery of services to victims by relevant agencies
  • Increased effectiveness of rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of TIP and SOM
  • At least 250 victims are successfully reintegrated
  • Public Private Partnerships in support of TIP and SOM programs

(C) Broader and in-depth knowledge and understanding of TIP and SOM and their impact

  • Increased awareness on the realities of TIP and SOM and their linkages to HIV/AIDS of the population, decision makers, and  relevant stakeholders
  • Greater and more in-depth knowledge at the national, state and grassroots level on TIP and its connection with SOM
  • Reduction in the number of people opting for irregular migration and commercial sex work to Europe
  • Increased government and stakeholder engaged in anti-TIP and SOM efforts
  • Decreased vulnerability of vulnerable groups for irregular migration

(1)Strengthening sectoral coordination and framework:

The project will support the Nigerian government in creating a sector-wide approach to addressing TIP. In this connection it will support the preparation of a sectoral action plan and a coordination mechanism on TIP and SOM for the year 2012 and beyond. The project will also support an amendment to the NAPTIP law as well as support the domestication of the SOM Protocol with a view towards improving enforcement measures and responses to the new techniques and trends of TIP and the related SOM, thus providing an adequate national legislative framework to combat TIP and SOM.  Finally, the project will also carry out an independent, organization and operational assessment of NAPTIP in an effort to support NAPTIP in strengthening its effectiveness in delivering on its mandate of leading and coordinating the national response against TIP.

(2) Capacity-building for NAPTIP & Sector

The project is also aimed at strengthening national capacities in the areas of leadership, resource mobilization, project development and management, witness/victim interviewing skills, gender equality and women empowerment and investigation techniques. In particular, the project will assist in the expansion of NAPTIP's IT capability and data management to its zonal officers and to other LEAs and service providers, such as NACTAL and WOTCLEF by enhancing the capacity of the NAPTIP's National Monitoring Centre, to obtain, manage, use, and share data on TIP with other LEAs and service providers, as appropriate. Support will also be provided in developing the capacity of counselling and rehabilitation officers within NAPTIP, WOTCLEF, NACTAL, and NGOs on psycho-social support, counselling, treatment of victims, trauma management, etc.

(3) Awareness/Sensitization

The project will also launch a nationwide campaign, with the slogan, "I Am Priceless." Generally, the campaign will: 1) seek to increase knowledge on the realities of TIP and SOM for the general public, particularly the most vulnerable and disenfranchised members of society and 2) aim to influence law and policy makers at various levels to positively influence their response to ensure an appropriate policy and legal framework to stop TIP and SOM. The campaign will be carried out in a synergized,  strategic, and targeted manner and will be focused on raising awareness, sensitizing, advocating, and empowering the public, policymakers, leaders at all levels to join hands to kick out trafficking and smuggling of migrants in Nigeria.

The "I Am Priceless" campaign will consist of several engaging and interactive activities including, the conduct of a baseline assessment on the level of awareness in the areas of TIP and SOM in the project states, the appointment of goodwill ambassadors, a door to door grass roots campaign, the production of advocacy materials and radio and television jingles, advocacy visits to state governors, traditional rulers and secondary schools. As part of the campaign, the project will host town hall meetings, school dialogues, a nationwide poem competition and a novelty football match among others.

Throughout the life of the project, concerted efforts will be made to ensure that the project activities reflect the priorities of government partners and key stakeholders and that the same are evidence-based, reflect best practice, meet international standards and are sustainable. The project which ahs a life cycle of four years will be completed in 2015.