Criminal Justice

Systems of criminal justice in Pakistan are diverse, ranging from informal dispute resolution to formal adjudication based on common law principles. Access to justice is fundamental to the stability of Pakistan by improving trust between citizens and state. The entire justice system continuum, including policing, prosecutions and prisons, needs to operate in coordination. Fundamentally, there are few rigorous systems in place for investigation, crime scene management and forensic capabilities.

Programme Deliverables

UNODC's programme on criminal justice (Sub-Programme 2) seeks to improve the criminal justice systems and processes that implement justice, including law enforcement agencies, prosecution and prison services.

In policing, the Sub-Programme supports the development of management capacities in human resources, training and data collection. An area of attention is crime scene management and basic forensic capacities. In order to convert investigations into timely sanctions, UNODC assists Pakistan's prosecutions services, prison management and provides technical support in updates to regulatory frameworks.

UNODC is also assisting the police to re-build capacities damaged or destroyed by the 2010 floods through the provision of equipment and infrastructure in key strategic locations of Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh.

Sub-Programme 2 also implements UNODC 's responsibility under the United Nations Convention Against Corruption. Detection and case management form the core of this work and Pakistan's anti-corruption agencies are supported in advocating changes through evidence-based research.

Based on analysis of the criminal justice system in Pakistan, Sub-Programme 2 contributes to five outcomes through the delivery of twenty four key outputs.