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CCP Glossary of Terms

Amphetimine-type Stimulants (ATS): Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) are a group of substances comprised of synthetic stimulants including amphetamine, methamphetamine, methcathinone, and ecstasy-group substances (e.g. MDMA and its analogues). In Latin America, cannabis, cocaine and their derivatives continue to be the most significant drug problems both in terms of use and in terms of trafficking. However, although still low, especially when compared to other regions of the world like Asia, use of amphetamine-type stimulants seems to be increasing in Latin America. This increase, coupled with the scarcity of data on ATS, the limited knowledge about the composition and effects of these drugs and the relative simplicity of manufacturing methods can increase the risks of ATS trafficking in Latin America. Mexico is the only country where ATS seizures represent a significant percentage of the global total. Increased controls over precursor chemicals in the USA have resulted in traffickers diversifying their sources and moving manufacture to other countries. Data show that as controls have increased in the USA, the problem has moved into Mexico, and as controls have been strengthened in Mexico, more precursors are being diverted from and through Central America. Some countries in the region, such as Guatemala and Nicaragua, have reported concern about the increase in ATS manufacture. To read more click Here.

 

Alerts: This is an instrument used for seizures based on intelligence information. There are two kinds of alerts. The first kind is in the country of origin of the cargo, and the other in the destination country of the cargo. Alerts in the country of origin are designed to seize illicit goods before a shipment departs, while alerts in the destination country are designed to facilitate seizures on arrival.

 

CBRNe Material: This term refers to hazardous Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear substances not approved for commerical trade or transport.

 

Container Profiling: The identification of a high-risk container through the use of highly specialized technological equipment and best practices.

 

"Counterfeit Goods": Product counterfeiting is a form of consumer fraud. In other words, a product is sold purporting to be something that it is not.The production and trafficking of counterfeit goods is often portrayed as a matter of intellectual property theft, and through this prism it garners little sympathy. In aggregate, however, product counterfeiting poses a serious global challenge. The branding of a product provides implicit quality assurance and a legal line of accountability that consumers have come to take for granted. Unaccountable products are often dangerous products. Knockoff toy producers need not worry about choking hazards or paint toxicity. Counterfeit auto parts are not subjected to the rigorous safety testing borne by their licit counterparts. Due to cheaper materials and workmanship, counterfeit batteries and cigarette lighters are prone to explode. Counterfeit medicines need not contain any active ingredient at all. Worse, they could contain a substandard dose, allowing the target microbes to develop resistance. In this way, the proliferation of counterfeits anywhere in the world can have ramifications for global health. And counterfeit products have indeed proliferated. For more information click here.

 

High-risk containers: A container which presents certain risk indicators upon analysis.

 

https://www.unodc.org/images/ropan/CCP/Rop-Off_container.png?1347992836930 "Rip-Off modality": A "rip-off" is a concealment methodology whereby a legitimate shipment, usually containerized, is exploited to smuggle contraband (particularly cocaine) from the country of origin or the transhipment port to the country of destination. In "rip-off" cases, neither the shipper nor the consignee is aware that their shipment is being used to smuggle illicit cargo. For this method to be successful there will always be local conspiracy both in the country of origin or the transhipment port as well as in the destination country.

 

Reefer: A Reefer is a refrigerated container with an internal refrigeration unit. Reefers are often used to smuggle drugs, particularly cocaine. For this method to be successful there will always be local conspiracy both in the country of origin or the transhipment port as well as in the destination country. The difference between "rip off" and "reefers" is that usually this method can be used with the complicity of the legal owner of the cargo.