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Programa de Control de Contenedores en Latinoamérica y el Caribe

El Programa Global de Control de Contenedores de la UNODC y la OMA no sólo es operativo en Latinoamérica, sino que también está activo, altamente exitoso y de rápida expansión como resultado de las peticiones de diversos gobiernos para unirse al CCP, que se ha combinado con la inyección de fondos haciendo posible que 32 países a nivel mundial estén en negociaciones para su incorporarse a esta iniciativa .En Latinoamérica, las Unidades Conjuntas de Control de Puertos (JPCUs) ya existen en Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Panamá y Paraguay. Asimismo, el Programa de Control de Contenedores ha ido ganando un impulso significativo en el Caribe estableciendo unidades operativas en Jamaica, Guyana, República Dominicana y Surinam convirtiéndose en los primeros Estados caribeños en participar en el programa.. 

La rápida expansión del CCP en Latinoamérica y el Caribe ha sido impulsada en gran medida por los impresionantes resultados que ha demostrado desde el inicio de sus operaciones en la región.

Países de Latinoamérica y el Caribe con JPCUs JPCUs
Costa Rica San José, cubriendo Puerto Limón , Puerto Caldera y Puerto Moin
Ecuador Guayaquil, cubriendo Puerto Comtecom y TPG; y en Machala cubriendo Puerto Bolívar
Guatemala Puerto de Quetzal. Puerto Barrios, cubriendo Puerto Santo Tomás de Castilla.
Guyana Puerto de Georgetown
Jamaica Puertos de Kingston y Montego Bay
Panamá Ciudad de Panamá: Balboa, cubriendo el Puerto de Balboa. El Puerto de Colón, cubriendo Puerto de Manzanillo , La Terminal de Contenedores de Colón y Puerto Cristóbal.
Paraguay Asunción, cubriendo todos los puertos del país.
República Dominicana Puerto de Haina y Multimodal Caucedo
Surinam Paramaribo en el Puerto de New Haven

El equipo del Programa de Control de Contenedores para Latinoamérica y el Caribe, está conformado por un Mentor Regional, un Coordinador Regional, un Asociado de Programa y un Oficial de Programa ubicados en la Oficina ROPAN de UNODC. Este equipo es responsable de planificar, coordinar e implementar todas las actividades del programa en la región y se espera que se expanda dentro de los próximos seis meses.

La estrategia regional del Programa de Control de Contenedores se centra en hacer el mejor uso posible de las capacidades y recursos institucionales. También permite a los expertos de la ley estar más identificados y aplicar las mejores prácticas desarrolladas en la región. La participación en el Programa de Control de Contenedores permite a los países mejorar el intercambio de información entre los organismos encargados del cumplimiento de la ley a nivel regional e internacional. Los organismos encargados del cumplimiento de la ley en los países destino también se benefician de las aptitudes mejoradas de sus contrapartes en Latinoamérica. El intercambio de información y alerta de contenedores, por ejemplo, juegan un papel importante, no sólo para facilitar las inspecciones, sino también en la planificación previa de operaciones objetivo, el despliegue de técnicas de investigación especializadas, y en las investigaciones de incautación posteriores.

24-Feb

COCAINE

225 Kg

Rip-off

24-Feb

COCAINE

120Kg

Rip-Off

10-May

COCAINE

100 Kg

Rip-Off

10-May

COCAINE

200 Kg

Rip-Off

https://www.unodc.org/images/ropan/CCP/CCP_Incautaciones_LAC.png?1347985775055The UNODC-WCO Global Container Control Programme is not only operational in Latin America, but it is also active, highly successful and rapidly expanding as a result of requests from various Governments to join the CCP which has been combined with the injection of new funds. Key CCP donors for the region include Canada, the United States and Germany. The most recent injection of funds came from the United States and totalled 1,950 million USD.

Operational Joint Port Control Units (JPCUs) already exist in Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Panama and Paraguay. Chile, having expressed a keen interest, will sign a Memorandum of Understanding in 2012 and implement operational JPCUs in 2013.

The CCP has also been gaining significant momentum in the Caribbean. In August 2012, Surinam and Guyana signed Memorandums of Understanding, becoming the first Caribbean States to join the Programme. Both countries are expected to have operation JPCUs by October 15th 2012. Jamaica, T rinidad and Tobago and the Dominican Republic have also all shown interest in the Programme and the Dominican Republic and Jamaica are expected to join the CCP and have operational units by 2013.

The rapid expansion of the CCP in Latin America and the Caribbean has been fuelled largely in part by the impressive results the project has delivered since beginning operations in the region.

Latin American Countries with operational JPCUs Operational JPCU(s)
Costa Rica JPCU in San José which covers: Port Limón, Port Caldera and Port Moin
Ecuador JPCU in Guayaquil which covers: Port Comtecom and TPG. JPCU in Machala which covers: Port Bolivar
Guatemala JPCU in Port of Quetzal. JPCU in Port Barrios which also covers Port Santo Tomas de Castilla
Panama

JPCU in Balboa which covers the Port of Balboa. JPCU in the Port of Colon which covers Port of Manzanillo, Colon Container Terminal and Port of Cristobal.

Paraguay JPCU in Asunción which covers all ports in Paraguay

A Regional UNODC CCP Programme Manager for Latin America and the Caribbean, one National Expert, one Programme Assistant and one Junior Assistanct are already based in Panama at UNODC ROPAN. This team is responsible for planning, coordinating and implementing all programme activities in the region and it is expected to expand within the coming 6 months.

The CCP's regional approach is centred on making the best possible use of institutional capacities and resources. It also enables law enforcement experts to be more easily identified and to apply best practices developed in the region. Participation in the Global Container Control Programme enables the countries to improve the information exchange between law enforcement agencies regionally and internationally. The law enforcement agencies in the destination countries also benefit from the enhanced capabilities of their counterparts in Latin America. Information exchange and container alerts, for example, play an important role, not only in facilitating inspections, but also in the advance planning of target operations, the deployment of specialist investigation techniques, and in post seizure investigations.

JPCUs in Latin America: A break-down by country

COSTA RICA

Costa Rica, like many other countries in Central America and the Caribbean, is increasingly being targeted by drug traffickers for the importation and transhipment of cocaine. Legitimate national exports in maritime containers, particularly those to Europe, Canada and the US, are particularly vulnerable.

Counterpart law-enforcement institutions in Costa Rica include Customs, the National Drug Control Institute (INCD), the National Police, the Fiscal Police and the Coast Guard. In 2009, Costa Rica adopted inter-institutional cooperationagreement.

In March 2010, the PCU in the port of Caldera on the Pacific seaboard became operational through contributions from the Caldera Port Association, Business Alliance for Secure Commerce (BASC) and ICD. However, this PCU was closed in 2011 and a new PCU opened in the capital San Jose where profiling work now takes place.

The following seizures have been made by the Costa Rica PCU in 2012:

DATE SEIZURE QUANTITY METHOD
16 FEB INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS 572 CTNS (46608 UNITS) -
24 FEB COCAINE 225kg RIP-OFF
24 FEB COCAINE 120kg RIP-OFF
10 MAY COCAINE 100kg RIP-OFF
10 MAY COCAINE 200kg RIP-OFF
10 MAY COCAINE 125kg RIP-OFF
10 MAY COCAINE 197kg RIP-OFF
21 MAY COCAINE 195kg RIP-OFF
20 JUN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS 215 BAGS -
17 JUL COCAINE 116kg RIP-OFF
1 AUG INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS 272 CRNS -

 

 

ECUADOR

Guayaquil, the country's principal seaport, has long been targeted by regional traffickers for bulk transhipment of cocaine in maritime containers. It also handles imported chemicals, some of which are diverted for illicit purposes. Other issues include the smuggling of contraband and counterfeit (copyright protected) goods, as well as endangered species.

Counterpart law enforcement institutions include the Customs Corporation (CAE) including its operational arm the Customs Surveillance Service (SVA), the National Council for Control of Illegal Drugs (CONSEP) and the National Police Drugs Directorate (PNE-DNA).

In 2004, the Government of Ecuador and the UNODC signed a Letter of Agreement and by March 2006 an operational PCU was established in the Guayaquil seaport, staffed by 6 trained analysts (3 police officers and 3 Customs officers) and 2 team leaders from the Police and Customs.

The PCU is supported on-site by police drug teams, the police under water search unit, CONSEP officials (responsible for chemical controls), as well as the Port Operator. The PCU works in close coordination with other specialized PNE drug units and with the Public Prosecutors Office, whose representatives have all participated in the various CCP training activities.

The following seizures have been made by Ecuadorian JPCUs in 2012:

The PCU in Guayaquil is the focal point for the coordination of all drug/crime related information within the port as well as 4 other smaller ports and container terminals in the Guayaquil area and continues to intercept significant amounts of cocaine in maritime containers, from the PCU by way of alerts to Customs colleagues in Europe which have led to the seizure of 3587 kg of drugs in Europe and the Caribbean.  In one such case a canoe was seen alongside a vessel before departure, information was forwarded to the destination, Belgium, and a seizure of 19kg was made on arrival. Two persons were also arrested.

The following seizures have been made at the Ecuadorian JPCU in 2012:

DATE SEIZURE QUANTITY REMARKS
16 FEB

COUNTERFEIT HEAD AND SHOULDERS SHAMPOO

(INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY)

572 CTNS (46608 UNITS) -
24 FEB COCAINE 225kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
24 FEB COCAINE 120kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
10MAY COCAINE 100kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
10MAY COCAINE 200kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
10MAY COCAINE 125kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
10MAY COCAINE 197kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
21MAY COCAINE 195kg RIP-OFF (BEHIND DOORS)
28MAY PROTECTED FLORA AND FAUNA - SEAHORSES 7 BAGS  
20 JUN

COUNTERFEIT MOBILES AND ACCESSORIES

(INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY)

215BAGS -
17 JUL COCAINE 116kg RIP-OFF
01AUG

COUNTERFEIT FOOTWARE BY ADIDAS, PUMA, CAMEL

(INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY)

272CTNS -
21AUG COCAINE 2353kg ALERT SEIZED IN NETHERLANDS
31AUG COCAINE 33kG

SHIPPED IN CONTAINER CARRYING NO OTHER GOODS

 

GUATEMALA

The Government of Guatemala and the UNODC signed a Memorandum of Agreement in February 2011 and two (2) PCUs became operational in March 2011. Counterpart organizations working within the CCP partnership are Customs, Navy, Police and the National Port Commission.

The following seizures have been made by Guatemalan JPCUs in 2012:

DATE SEIZURE QUANTITY REMARKS
02 FEB COCAINE 29kg RIP-OFF (BEHIND DOORS)
02 FEB HEROINE 21kg RIP-OFF (BEHIND DOORS)
03 FEB COCAINE 1193kg SHIPPED IN CARTONS OF PLANTAINS
04 FEB COCAINE 290kg RIP-OFF (BEHIND DOORS)
19 FEB COCAINE 49kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
24 FEB COCAINE 3668kg SHIPPED IN CARTONS OF CASSAVA
24 FEB FLORA AND FAUNA 50kg  
29 FEB COCAINE 132kg RIP-OFF (BEHIND DOORS)
01 MAR COCAINE 48kg RIP-OFF
15 MAR COCAINE 156kg  
03 APR COCAINE 31kg  
05 APR COCAINE 75kg SHIPPED IN CARTONS OF PLANTAINS
10 APR COCAINE 316kg RIP-OFF (INSIDE TRACTOR PARTS)
12 APR COCAINE 258kg RIP-OFF (BEHIND DOORS)
22 APR COCAINE 37kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
26 APR COCAINE 74kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
26 MAY COCAINE 48kg RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
03 AUG COCAINE 188kg FOUND IN THE CABIN OF A VEHICLE
04 AUG COCAINE 98kg RIP-OFF
27 AUG COCAINE 35kg ALERT: SEIZURE MADE IN ALGERICAS- RIP-OFF (MECHANICAL COMPARTMENT REEFER)
28 AUG COCAINE 434kg FOUND WITHIN THE IRON TUBES OF CONTAINER

PANAMA

Given Panama's strategic geographical location and considerable maritime and commercial infrastructures, including the Colon Free Trade Zone (FTZ), the participation of this country in the CCP is significant. In particular, Panama is a major hub for the transhipment of maritime containers including those originating in cocaine producer/transit countries in South America (Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) en route to Europe and North America via the Panama Canal. More than 11 million containers pass through the Panama Canal each year and this amount is expected to double given the expansion of the Canal which is estimated to be completed in 2014. Given the immense volume of maritime container traffic passing through the canal, it is routinely exploited by transnational organized crime groups for the transhipment of illicit drugs and precursors, contraband goods, intellectual property rights (IPR) material and for money laundering intentions.

Counterpart institutions are the National Customs Authority (ANA) the Public Prosecutors Office (Drug Prosecution Unit), the National Police Department (DIP), the Judicial Police Department (DIJ), the National Coastguard (SENAN), the National Security Council (CSPDN) and the Maritime Institution (AMP). A 3·year inter-institutional cooperation agreement was adopted in June 2009.

PCUs became operational at the Manzanillo International Terminal in Colon for the Atlantic seaboard and at the port of Balboa for the Pacific seaboard in October 2009. Each PCU is staffed by 7 selected and vetted operatives from the relevant institutions.

In November 2012, Panama will host the 6 th Annual Reunion of the CCP. To date the meeting has only been held at the HQ of either the UNODC in Vienna or that of the WCO in Brussels. Hence, Panama will become the first country, aside from those which house HQs, to host this high-level meeting.

The following seizures have been made by Panamanian JPCUs in 2012:

DATE SEIZURE QUANTITY REMARKS

16 JAN

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY   290 CTNS  

31 JAN

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 383 CTNS  

05 JAN

COCAINE 201kg  

16 FEB

COCAINE 204kg RIP-OFF
16 FEB COCAINE 98kg RIP-OFF
12 FEB CULTURAL HERITAGE 1 CANNON AND 4 WHEELS      
28 FEB INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 702 CTNS  
12 MAR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 289 CTNS  
19 MAR COCAINE 77kg RIP-OFF
26 MAR COCAINE 31kg RIP-OFF
04 APR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 581CTNS  
20 APR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 209CTNS  
26 APR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 575CTNS  
26 APR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 680CTNS  
02 MAY PRECURSORS 2,144kg  
04 MAY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AWAITING FURTHER INFORMATION  
15 MAY COCAINE 125kg RIP-OFF
15 MAY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 912 CTNS RIP-OFF
22 MAY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 301 CTNS  
23 MAY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 900 CTNS  
23 MAY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 640 CTNS  
01 JUN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 1010 CTNS  
06 JUN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 279 CTNS  
15 JUN COCAINE 99kg RIP-OFF
01 JUL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 1105kgs  
02 JUL PROTECTED FLORA AND FAUNA    
04 JUL COUNTERFEIT CIGARETTES 1068 CTNS  
06 JUL PROTECTED FLORA AND FAUNA AWAITING FURTHER INFORMATION  
07 JUL COCAINE 115kg  
09 JUL COCAINE 22kg RIP-OFF
10 JUL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AWAITING FURTHER INFORMATION  
12 JUL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 206 CTNS  
18 JUL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 696 CTNS  
06 AUG PROTECTED FLORA AND FAUNA -  

 

PARAGUAY

The geographical location of Paraguay is strategic for the traffic of drugs, contraband, illegal firearms and people.  Paraguay is currently considered the main zone of transit and offset through which passes a large percentage of the cocaine produced in Bolivia and Peru, with regional, European and North American destinations.

Paraguay has territorial borders with Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina. This location makes it a convenient point of transit between the West and East in the Southern Cone, with land access to the three previously mentioned countries, and with access to Uruguay by river. Each year, between 30 and 40 metric tons of cocaine produced in Bolivia, Peru and Colombia pass through Paraguay. A small portion is directed towards the United States while the majority is destined for Brazil, Europe, Africa and the Middle East.

The porous borders of Paraguay present a challenge to State authorities to control the borders and prevent them from being exploited for illicit activity by traffickers.

In an effort to strengthen the States border control capacity, Paraguay signed a 3-year inter-institutional cooperation agreement and became part of the CCP in September 2011. The counterpart institutions involved are National Customs, the National Drug Secretary and the National Police.

The following seizures have been made by the JPCU in Paraguay in 2012:

DATE SEIZURE QUANTITY REMARKS
22 FEB COCAINE 290 kg ALERT FROM JPCU LEAD TO SEIZURE IN BELIGIUM
09 APR PALEONTOLOGICAL HERITAGE 13,880 kg -

 

24-Feb

COCAINE

225 Kg

Rip-off

24-Feb

COCAINE

120Kg

Rip-Off

10-May

COCAINE

100 Kg

Rip-Off

10-May

COCAINE

200 Kg

Rip-Off