AD/RAS/96/B53 and RAS/96/490 - Reducing Illicit Drug Use in the Highlands of East Asia
|No. and Title:||AD/RAS/96/B53 and RAS/96/490 - Reducing Illicit Drug Use in the Highlands of East Asia|
|Status/Starting Date:||1 October, 1996|
|Project Function:||Subregional: Drug Demand Reduction|
|Duration:||1996 - 2000 (Forty Five Months)|
|Associate Executing Agency:||UNOPS|
|Aggregate Budget & Funding Source:||US$ 1,523,000 (UK= $523,000 and UNDP= $1,000,000)|
Drug abuse problems among highland communities of the subregion differ in many respects from those in lowland societies. This is in part because of cultural, social, economic, environmental and political differences. Furthermore these determinants are gradually changing, rapidly in some areas and more slowly in others, but seldom under the control of the highland populations themselves. These circumstances have placed the highland people under considerable stress which has led to expanded use of heroin in many localities.
While problems relating to opium addiction have long been recognized, societies have been slow to address expanding abuse of heroin, amphetamines and other drugs. Adaptability to the changing drug scene has also been hampered by a limited repertoire of effective prevention, treatment and rehabilitation interventions. Earlier efforts have been constrained by externally driven programme principles, insufficient community participation and commitment and inadequate resources. Insufficient attention has been paid to the local socio-economic context, to cultural values and to causal factors in drug addiction such as the traditional use of opium for medicinal and recreational purposes. The outcome has been low community acceptance and integration of programmes.
A. Immediate Objective:
Develop community, national and subregional capabilities to reduce the illicit use of drugs and related social problems among selected highland ethnic minority groups.
B. Main Project Activities:
Review regional best practises for demand reduction
Conduct a subregional inception workshop
Conduct subregional training workshop on assessment approaches
Prepare demand reduction training package
Conduct subregional demand reduction workshop
Establish core community action groups
Implement pilot drug demand reduction projects
Exchange local, national and subregional information
C. Project Outputs:
Community based drug demand reduction projects with socio-economic development components designed and implemented in selected localities. Established network of advocates for the socio-economic development of highland communities.
UNODC (Regional Centre, Bangkok) is responsible for the overall substantive and policy aspects of the project. The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) is responsible for the administrative elements of the project. Project guidance, review and monitoring will be provided through a Project Advisory Committee (PAC). The operational aspects of the project are led by a Project Manager. At the country level, national focal point organizations and National Project Coordinators coordinate and supervise national project activities in collaboration with highland community representatives.
|Project Budget in US$ (app)|
|Technical assistance and pilot activities||850,000|
|Project Support Cost||146,000|
|USD 1,523,000 including in-kind contributions of participating governments.|
October 1996, with a revised duration of 45 months (1996-2000) at no additional cost.