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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities
Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements
Financial Information
Starting Date and Duration of the Project

AD/RAS/96/B53 and RAS/96/490 - Reducing Illicit Drug Use in the Highlands of East Asia

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: AD/RAS/96/B53 and RAS/96/490 - Reducing Illicit Drug Use in the Highlands of East Asia
Status/Starting Date: 1 October, 1996
Project Function: Subregional: Drug Demand Reduction
Duration: 1996 - 2000 (Forty Five Months)
Executing Agency: UNODC
Associate Executing Agency: UNOPS
Aggregate Budget & Funding Source: US$ 1,523,000 (UK= $523,000 and UNDP= $1,000,000)


2. Project Background and Justification

Drug abuse problems among highland communities of the subregion differ in many respects from those in lowland societies. This is in part because of cultural, social, economic, environmental and political differences. Furthermore these determinants are gradually changing, rapidly in some areas and more slowly in others, but seldom under the control of the highland populations themselves. These circumstances have placed the highland people under considerable stress which has led to expanded use of heroin in many localities.

While problems relating to opium addiction have long been recognized, societies have been slow to address expanding abuse of heroin, amphetamines and other drugs. Adaptability to the changing drug scene has also been hampered by a limited repertoire of effective prevention, treatment and rehabilitation interventions. Earlier efforts have been constrained by externally driven programme principles, insufficient community participation and commitment and inadequate resources. Insufficient attention has been paid to the local socio-economic context, to cultural values and to causal factors in drug addiction such as the traditional use of opium for medicinal and recreational purposes. The outcome has been low community acceptance and integration of programmes.


3. Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

A. Immediate Objective:
Develop community, national and subregional capabilities to reduce the illicit use of drugs and related social problems among selected highland ethnic minority groups.

B. Main Project Activities:
Review regional best practises for demand reduction
Conduct a subregional inception workshop
Conduct subregional training workshop on assessment approaches
Prepare demand reduction training package
Conduct subregional demand reduction workshop
Establish core community action groups
Implement pilot drug demand reduction projects
Exchange local, national and subregional information

C. Project Outputs:
Community based drug demand reduction projects with socio-economic development components designed and implemented in selected localities. Established network of advocates for the socio-economic development of highland communities.


4. Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

UNODC (Regional Centre, Bangkok) is responsible for the overall substantive and policy aspects of the project. The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) is responsible for the administrative elements of the project. Project guidance, review and monitoring will be provided through a Project Advisory Committee (PAC). The operational aspects of the project are led by a Project Manager. At the country level, national focal point organizations and National Project Coordinators coordinate and supervise national project activities in collaboration with highland community representatives.


5. Financial Information

Project Budget in US$ (app)
Personnel 370,000
Technical assistance and pilot activities 850,000
Equipment 60,000
Miscellaneous 97,000
Project Support Cost 146,000
Total 1,523,000
USD 1,523,000 including in-kind contributions of participating governments.


6. Starting Date and Duration of the Project

October 1996, with a revised duration of 45 months (1996-2000) at no additional cost.