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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities
Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements
Financial Information

AD/RAS/97/C51 - Enhancement of drug law enforcement training in East Asia

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: AD/RAS/97/C51 - Enhancement of drug law enforcement training in East Asia
Status/Starting Date: September 1997
Project Function: Sub-regional: Law Enforcement
Duration: 5 years 3 months
Executing Agency: UNODC
Associate Executing Agency:
Aggregate Budget & Funding Source: US$ $1,782,000 (UK: US$ 600,057; Canada: US$ 430,040; USA: US$ 600,000; Japan: 100,000; AusAID: 50,760)


2. Project Background and Justification

Drug production, supply and transportation in East Asia have recently moved towards a wider and more complex system of trafficking routes. Enforcement operations in the region have caused changes in the supply routes for illicit drugs which require countries not previously confronted with international trafficking organisations to be more active in this specialised field of drug law enforcement.

Most of the six countries in the sub-region provide basic enforcement training; however, it has not yet been possible to give sufficient attention to specialised drug enforcement techniques required under the UN 1988 Convention to counter international trafficking organisations. Additional training is required to enable the law enforcement agencies in the six countries of the sub-region to confront the challenge of changing domestic and cross-border drug trafficking routes, and drug-use patterns. There is also a need for large numbers of enforcement personnel to be trained. Specialised drug enforcement investigative techniques have not previously been required in the six countries and consequently there is an overall lack of personnel who are capable of providing training up to the standard required for combatting the growing complexities and sophistication of the drug trafficking in the sub-region.

It is clear that an urgent need exists for raising the expertise and level of co-operation of customs and police personnel in the field of drug law enforcement through more effective training. However, such training needs to meet specific standards common to the six countries and, to make it fully effective, be available in the language of each recipient country. It is, therefore, important that the legal, procedural and cultural aspects of each recipient country be incorporated into training programmes and that such programmes should reach all operational police and customs officers, and not just a selected few.

The objective of the project is to provide a training programme, which informs and empowers trainees through a standardized, simulated problem-solving approach to the issues confronting drug enforcement officers. This project is designed to develop a computer based interactive multimedia drug law enforcement training programme for customs, police and specialist drug law enforcement officers in Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. Training will be in the language of each of the six countries and will incorporate their respective cultural, legal and procedural requirements.

The project is one of the six law enforcement projects included in the Sub-regional Action Plan adopted in 1995 involving the six MOU countries in Southeast Asia. The six projects are linked and sequential implementation is considered beneficial. Under the Sub-regional Action Plan with legislation and operational procedures being put into place, enforcement officers, both those who specialize in drug enforcement and those in general duties, need to have a better understanding of the subject matter, the law and the procedures they are expected to follow.


3. Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

A. Immediate Objective:
To develop and support the delivery of a computer based drug law enforcement programme for the Governments of Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

B. Main Project Activities:
1. A project coordinator will be engaged to work with the company selected to produce the training programme;

The project coordinator will carry out an in depth training needs analysis of the 6 MOU countries and draw up training specifications;

Subject experts from around the world will design paper based training modules in English;

Companies with a proven track record in producing multimedia training programmes will be invited to submit proposals on how to convert the paper based training modules into interactive computer based learning. Contracts will be awarded on the basis of quality, cost and timescales;

The training will be designed initially in English and then translated into the 6 national languages;

A management information will be installed to provide student data;

A sub-regional workshop comprising National Project Coordinators will agree strategy and an implementation plan;

National workshops will agree national implementation plans; and

A computer based tutorial will be designed to assist students new to computers and a training manual to assist students and instructors to access the course will also be produced.

2. Instruction provided to law enforcement training supervisors in the presentation and use of the training package

An in-country field evaluation exercise of the training program using a limited number of supervisors and students;

A training specialist from the company will assist the training supervisors during the first course conducted by agencies using the program in each of the countries; and

The project coordinator will visit each country after the provision of the training package to evaluate the program and provide any additional assistance necessary.

3. Sufficient computer equipment, complete with appropriate software to permit the establishment of a functioning training program, will be provided.

C. Project Outputs:
An interactive computer based drug enforcement training course covering specific topics available for installation on PCs, adjusted for legal, procedural, language and cultural aspects of the six MOU countries.

Trained supervisors in each of the six MOU countries to support the implementation of the training program.

A sufficient number of PCs capable of running the training program provided and installed in each country. Distribution and installation of the equipment to key training locations within the six participating countries.


4. Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

Countries of the sub-region are at different stages in the development of their drug control programmes. However, institutions responsible for drug enforcement have been established in each country and the commitment by the Governments to the Sub-regional Action Plan provides a strong indication that the inputs required by this particular project will be met. There is sufficient capacity and concern for law enforcement activities in each of the countries of the sub-region to facilitate the implementation of this project.

The project will be executed by UNODC. The Project Coordinator who has previous experience in drug law enforcement and computer based training will review the project design, advise on appropriate production through evaluation of a and evaluate the outcome of each stage of the project and advise on future activity. The Project Coordinator will also provide the coordination and implementation of project activities under the guidance of the UNODC Regional Centre, Bangkok. Selected production companies will produce training packages based on technical input from the Project Coordinator, law enforcement training experts. The law enforcement training expertise will be obtained from various internationally recognised law enforcement agencies e.g. WCO, US Customs. Australian Federal Police, Royal Canadian Mounted Police etc. The project will be subject to on-going reviews and a terminal external evaluation. A Programme Steering Committee established under the Memorandum of Understanding will meet annually to review the progress of this project.


5. Financial Information

Project Budget in US$ (app)
Personnel 395,660
Sub-contract 568,640
Training 265,000
Equipment 287,950
Miscellaneous 76,000
Project Support Cost 188,750
Total 1,782,000