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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities
Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements
Financial Information

AD/RAS/98/C75 - Subregional Development of Institutional Capacity for Demand Reduction among High Risk Groups of Drug Abusers

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: AD/RAS/98/C75 - Subregional Development of Institutional Capacity for Demand Reduction among High Risk Groups of Drug Abusers
Status/Starting Date: June 1998
Project Function: Subregional: Drug Demand Reduction
Duration: 3 years
Executing Agency: UNODC
Aggregate Budget & Funding Source: US$ 1,889,800 (UK: $ 1,780,000, Canada : 45,000
required funds: 64,800)


2. Project Background and Justification

The recent rapid rise in the demand for drugs in East Asia, both substances formerly used and those now gaining new popularity, is widely recognized. Government efforts to respond to new abuse patterns have been impeded by a lack of experience in assessing which groups in the population are most at risk. This lack frustrates the formulation of appropriate policy and the implementation of effective counter measures.

The pace of new and expanding abuse is severely testing the ability of governments and other interested agencies to respond appropriately. This makes it difficult for central coordinating agencies to adjust policies and counter measures established in the past when the epidemiology of drug abuse was less complex and more stable. The work of these agencies in both preventing new cases of drug abuse and reducing recidivism is impeded by the lack of tools and trained personnel to assess which groups are at high risk and to deal with them effectively in a proactive manner. Agencies in some countries are further restricted by personnel and budgetary constraints.

There is a consensus in the subregion on the need to improve the ability of central coordinating agencies and their national partner organizations to assess the risks of drug abuse in their populations, to identify groups which are particularly vulnerable, to develop programme models which will alleviate or reduce the risk factors, and thereby develop better institutional capacity to respond to and anticipate changing patterns of drug abuse more effectively. National agencies recognize trans-border similarities in the trends of drug abuse in the subregion, and although problems in each nation are unique, there is enough evidence of shared characteristics among high risk groups in the MOU countries to justify a subregional approach.

This is one of the eleven projects included in the East Asia Subregional Action Plan endorsed by the six government signatory to the Memorandum of Understanding on Drug Control in May 1995. As one of three components within the demand reduction strategy of the Subregional Action Plan on Drug Control, this project will help participating countries better identify and assess the risks for drug abuse in their populations and develop model interventions. The key elements in the project strategy are the subregional introduction and application of assessment methods, acquisition and integration of relevant programme models, the design and delivery of national interventions for selected high risk groups, and the assimilation of project experience into ongoing demand reduction programmes.


3. Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

A. Immediate Objective:
Improve capacity of government and non-government institutions to identify and resolve emerging drug use problems among high risk groups.

B. Main Project Activities:
1. Working arrangements with relevant government institutions will be established between the Project Manager and National Drug Control Agencies through country missions.
The Project Management Team (PMT) will review the groups identified in the country analyses.
Guidelines for assessment teams will be drawn up.
The PMT will orient and train participants in the development of common assessment methodologies.
Assessments of selected high risk groups will be conducted.
The PMT will organize a subregional workshop to develop subregional framework for pilot interventions

2. One candidate from each MOU country will participate in an international study tour.
Participants will prepare country reports to consolidate findings of study tour including recommendations concerning the nature and form of proposed model interventions.
The National Project Coordinators (NPCs) will identify specific target sites for model interventions.
The NPCs with the assistance of an international consultant will design the model interventions for each country for PMT review and approval of the interventions.

3. Model interventions will be initiated at a minimum of six sites using the established design under supervision of Core Community Action Group.
During the course of the model interventions, needs for additional training for members of the Core Community Action Group and/or the National Lead Agency will be identified.
Two or three candidates from each MOU country will participate in a study tour in the region.
Additional training will be conducted through consultation between NPC and the PMT.
The techniques identified for assessing high risk will be integrated into national drug information systems.
The National Lead Agencies will conduct a review of model interventions based on guidelines developed by the PMT.
An external evaluation of the project will be conducted

C. Project Outputs:
Assessment technology developed, introduced, tested and adopted;
Intervention models developed using appropriate methodologies;
Intervention models applied and evaluated in government and NGO sectors.


4. Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

The project will be executed by UNODC Regional Centre, Bangkok / Lao PDR Country Office ( PMT based in Lao PDR, UNODC Country Office) which will provide strategic direction, supervision of the Project Manager, and monitor progress. The country offices of UNODC in the subregion and UNDP offices in Cambodia and China (where there is no UNODC presence) will provide guidance and support to the project through their respective networks. To support the recruitment, contracting, subcontracting financial control and administrative functions of the project, UNDP will be assigned as associated agency.

The Project Management Team (PMT) will be responsible for all operational, technical, and administrative requirements of the project. The PMT will comprise a Project Manager, who will be responsible for the overall management, coordination and implementation of project activities, an Assistant Project Manager, who will coordinate day-to-day operational aspects of the project, and a Secretary to provide office support services.

The Project Advisory Committee (PAC) will provide overall supervisory guidance for project design, review progress and make project-related decisions, and prepare or endorse recommendations on substantive matters beyond its purview. The PAC will consist of the PMT, one representative of each national counterpart agency, a representative of the associated agency, and the Representative of the UNODC Regional Centre or designated official as Committee Chairperson.

This project, as part of the Subregional Action Plan, will be subject to guidance and direction by the Programme Steering Committee comprising representatives of the six MOU countries and UNODC.


5. Financial Information

Project Budget in US$ (app)
Personnel 582,000
Sub-contract 363,000
Training 190,000
Equipment 121,400
Miscellaneous 26,000
Project Support Cost 166,600
Total 1,449,000