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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities
Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements
Financial Information

AD/RAS/00/C96 - Alternative Development Cooperation in East Asia

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: AD/RAS/00/C96 - Alternative Development Cooperation in East Asia
Status/Starting Date: June 1998
Project Function: Supply Reduction
Duration: 3 years
Executing Agency/Implementing Agency: United Nations International Drug Control Programme
Aggregate Budget & Funding Source: US$ 315,840


2. Project Background and Justification

Growing conditions for opium poppy are favourable in large tracts of mountainous land in Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam and South-west China.

Alternative development to achieve reduction in the supply of opium from the south east Asia region has a thirty year history beginning with highland development programmes in northern Thailand and more recently encompassing projects in Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam. Meanwhile China has achieved the eradication of commercial opium production from an initial concentration on strict law enforcement.

There have been notable successes in some of these countries related to different aspects including income generating options, community development, natural resource management and marketing. There is clearly a potential to exchange the lessons learned from these diverse experiences and improve the institutional capacity of national drug control agencies.

The global Action Plan on International Cooperation on the Eradication of Illicit Drug Crops and Alternative Development was endorsed during a Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly in June 1998. This global plan emphasises the strengthening of regional and international cooperation for alternative development and encompasses regional action plans to strengthen national efforts to reduce illicit drug supply through alternative development and complimentary measures.

Drug control Cooperation in the South east Asian subregion has greatly improved in recent years. A key element of this is the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on collaboration in the field of drug control, signed in 1993 by the Governments of China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand and expanded to include Cambodia and Vietnam in May 1995. At this meeting the first Subregional Action Plan which now encompasses thirteen subregional priority projects in the areas of demand reduction, supply reduction and law enforcement was approved.

Supply reduction activities in the subregion are carried out primarily on a national basis in accordance with plans or policies which differ considerably between the MOU countries due to their varying political, economic and social circumstances. The Action Plan includes priority attention for:
- collection and dissemination of information on experience in the alternative development field and assessing the potential for further subregional cooperation;
- developing capacities to design and implement community based opium poppy control/alternative development activities on common -borders.
These latter two priorities are embodied in this project.



3. Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

A. Immediate Objective:
To improve the effectiveness of alternative development projects through increasing knowledge, skills and capabilities of practitioners and policy makers in national agencies (NAs), sharing of lessons and experience and networking between relevant alternative development agencies.

B. Main Project Activities:
Output 1: National capacity building and lessons sharing programmes designed and conducted to strengthen knowledge and skills of practitioners and policy makers and to promote sharing of knowledge and experience on alternative development in this region.

Output 2: A comprehensive and accessible pool of knowledge on alternative development approaches and farmer experiences established.

C. Project Outputs:
Activities for Output 1
Activity 1.1 - Conduct appropriate training courses, staff exchange/ attachment programmes, field study visits, seminars and workshops.
Using the body of information gathered in direct response to user needs, training targets will be determined by the Project Manager in consultation with UNODC Country Offices, national counterparts and other stakeholders. Subregional and national elements derived from the international Strategy for Coca and Opium Poppy Elimination (SCOPE) will be incorporated as appropriate. Seminars and training programmes will then be carried out. Based on existing information, it is expected that such training will focus on project planning, management and evaluation, exchange of experience at all levels of the project delivery chain (especially including farmer experience). Exchanges of alternative development personnel, attachment training programmes and field study visits will be organised to allow policy makers and practitioners to learn from each other and exchange lessons learned on alternative development in this region.

Activity 1.2 - Produce periodic documentation designed to support practitioners and policy makers in their jobs.
Various documents (including but not limited to pamphlets, monographs, charts and diagrams, a video, etc), will be produced to foster the professional development of alternative development policy makers and practitioners in the region, to assist the introduction of drug control components in related development activities and to generally support the achievement of the project objective.

Activities for Output 2
Activity 2.1 - Create a participatory regional network of practitioners, community leaders and researchers.
The prospect is to begin to develop a "Network of Excellence in Alternative Development" which is not so much a place, but rather a collection of places in the region whose complementary data bases, training and analytical competencies are mutually known. maintenance of a data base (library holdings, resource centre etc.) on AD/ highland project experience in East Asia (indeed this already started during the time of the UNODC Project Coordination Office in Chiang mai and the UNODC supported Integrated Pocket Area Development Project);
production of periodic analyses and "think pieces" on trends and developments in AD. These would be most useful to UNODC's own institutional policy development needs and could act as a resource in fund raising for alternative development projects among donors;
offering opportunities for socio-economic studies and practical work attachments for professionals drawn from staff of regional academic and research institutions as well as offering a vehicle for practical attachment for young professionals;
facilitating linkages among academic/training communities in East Asian countries as well as with similar institutions in donor countries ;
organizing workshops with UNODC, local government and Project staff together with potential donors as required.

Activity 2.2 - Construct user defined studies and data collection designed to expand knowledge of conditions for successful alternative development efforts.
Studies of the significant experiences of alternative development in each of the MOU countries will be conducted by contracted consultants in collaboration with national agencies, UNODC Regional Centre and UNODC Country Offices. The programme for such studies will be approved by the UNODC Regional Centre. For example, studies could include: comparative approaches for alternative development in the region, barriers to improved cross border trade, the farm family's financial decision making process to grow opium, the models of interministerial management and communication used in the most well known alternative control projects in the region, how farmers have been involved in monitoring efforts of highland projects.

Findings of the studies will be shared with all concerned agencies in the region and in the other regions of the world.


4. Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

The project will work with, and through the Government Counterpart Agencies of the MOU countries, namely, the National Narcotics Control Commission of China, the Lao Commission for Drug Control and Supervision, the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control in Myanmar, the Office of the Narcotics Control Board in Thailand and the Vietnam National Drug Control Committee. With the absence of opium cultivation, Cambodia is not included as a signatory to this small project, but will be given an observer status and will receive full information for possible later inclusion in future subregional training efforts.

The project is a key element of UNODC's region wide efforts to upgrade professional knowledge, skills and approaches regarding alternative development. It is the government officials of the drug coordinating and collaborating development agencies, project staff and community leaders in the participating countries who will benefit from the activities planned.

The overall supervision and monitoring of the project will be by the UNODC Regional Centre, Operational responsibility will rest with the Project Manager who will be appointed by the Representative of the Regional Centre to take charge of the overall project management and implementation. A number of technical consultants and institutions in the Region with proven technical capacity in detailed design, management and implementation of activities will be contracted to implement the project activities.

The Project Manager will plan and manage the delivery of the project activities, monitor implementation and review the reports of consultants who have been contracted for specific components of the project activities. The Project Manager will discuss the project delivery with UNODC Country Offices and national drug control agencies and also participate as required in the actual audit of training programmes delivered.

For the overall review of project delivery, a Project Coordination Committee (PCC) will be created to comprise the Representative of the Regional Centre, a representative of the donor country and representatives of the participating countries. The Committee will meet annually to review the progress of the project in the preceding year and make recommendations for the implementation of future activities. The Project Manager will serve as the secretary of the Committee. The annual report of the project will be incorporated in the progress report of the Subregional Action Plan for submission to the MOU meeting.

UNODC Country Offices, in consultation with the national drug control agencies, will supervise country level activities, participate in the evaluation of progress and impact and provide inputs in the recruitment and evaluation of consultants and other staff associated with the project.



5. Financial Information

Project Budget in US$ (app)
Personnel 28,000
Sub-contract 76,500
Training 161,500
Miscellaneous 13,500
Project Support Cost 36,340
Total $315,840