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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities
Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements
Financial Information

AD/RAS/99/E11 - Integrating substance abuse prevention, treatment and rehabilitation into actions against sexual abuse and exploitation of children and youth in the Greater Mekong Subregion

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: AD/RAS/99/E11 - Integrating substance abuse prevention, treatment and rehabilitation into actions against sexual abuse and exploitation of children and youth in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Status/Starting Date: March 1999
Project Function: Prevention and Reduction of Drug abuse
Duration: 15 months (1 March 1999 - 30 June 2000)
Executing Agency: ESCAP (HRD Section/SDD)
Aggregate Budget & Funding Source: US$ 100,000 / UNODC

 

2. Project Background and Justification

Drug abuse has become endemic throughout the world and it is youth and children who are most at risk. Particularly at risk are marginalized children living in especially difficult circumstances such as street children, ethnic minorities, those living in deprived communities and children who are victims of sexual abuse or sexual exploitation. For this vulnerable section of society, drug use becomes a means of enduring the hardships of daily life, a strategy for coping with the problems of neglect, violence, exploitation, discrimination and abuse. Drugs are also used to relieve hunger, to keep awake at work and to maintain alertness to possible dangers, but drug use also increases health risks and other problems, including vulnerability to exploitation and violence.

Unfortunately, the links between drug use and the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of young people are becoming more and more evident. While many marginalized children and youth consume substances to alleviate, albeit temporarily, their day to day problems and suffering, the situation for sexually abused or exploited children is much more complex. They are often given drugs by pimps, clients and brothel owners to make them more malleable.

In order to tackle the problem, the present project is designed to support and strengthen an on-going ESCAP project on "Strengthening national HRD capabilities through training of social service and health personnel to combat sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and youth in the Greater Mekong Subregion", which addresses the health and psychosocial concerns of the sexually abused and sexually exploited children and youth. The present project integrates a training module on substance abuse into the training curriculum for social service and health personnel to strengthen their capabilities to identify and resolve substance abuse problems among children and youth who are potential victims or victims of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation. Pilot projects on awareness raising and education on the issue of substance abuse and sexual abuse and sexual exploitation will be implemented in selected affected communities in the six participating countries.

 

3. Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

A. Immediate Objective:
Social service and health personnel working in the field of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and youth in the Greater Mekong Subregion will adopt effective measures for the prevention and reduction of substance abuse.

B. Main Project Activities:
1.1 Review and analyse the research results
1.2 Hold the training needs assessment workshop
1.3 Develop training module and training materials on the issue of substance abuse, sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and youth
1.4 Integration of the module into the ESCAP HRD training curriculum
2.1 Sites of the community activities selected
2.2 Develop framework for pilot intervention
2.3 Community preparation to develop details project activities
2.4 Community implementation of the pilot projects

C. Project Outputs:
Gender-sensitive HRD training module and training materials on the issues of substance abuse, for the ESCAP HRD Course for Social and Health Development of Sexually Abused and Sexually Exploited Children and Youth developed in printed form in English.

Pilot projects in selected communities on awareness raising and education on substance abuse issues among sexually abused and sexually exploited children and youth developed and delivered.

 

4. Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

ESCAP is the executing agency for this project. The project will use the cooperation framework already established by the ESCAP HRD project in the Greater Mekong Subregion countries. The Government in each of the six participating countries has nominated a National Counterpart Organization (NCO) to serve as the focal point for research and training activities. These NCOs will be responsible for implementing the pilot projects with technical support to facilitate this process provided by ESCAP. The NCOs are: 1) Cambodia: Cambodian Centre for the Protection of Children's Rights (CCPCR); 2) China: All-China Youth Federation; 3) Lao PDR: Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Department of Social Welfare; 4) Myanmar: Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, Department of Social Welfare; 5) Thailand: National Commission on Women's Affairs; and 6) Viet Nam: Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs; Department for Prevention of Social Evils.

In addition, the Unit for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, Uppsala University, Sweden, will provide its technical inputs in undertaking research to determine the current status of the target population, as well as in the development of a prototype training curriculum.

 

5. Financial Information

Project Budget in US$ (app)
Personnel 25,110
Sub-contract 60,000
Miscellaneous 3,386
Project Support Cost 11,504
Total 100,000