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AD/RAS/01/F34 - Precursor Control in East Asia
|No. and Title:||AD/RAS/01/F34 - Precursor Control in East Asia|
|Status/Starting Date:||November 2001|
|Project Function:||Sub regional : Law Enforcement|
|Aggregate Budget & Funding Source:||US $1,793,700|
For many years, heroin has been manufactured close to the opium production areas over the last few years and an increasing methamphetamine production capacity has developed in the sub region. Precursor chemicals needed for the manufacture of heroin and methamphetamine are easily available because of limited controls on them by countries in the sub region. As precursors are also used for legitimate purposes, they can be obtained for illicit drug manufacture by diversions from legal trade. For better control, legal trade in precursors has to be monitored and control measures put in place. National control measures at a minimum level must be established before inter-country cooperation can take place.
Although MOU countries have taken several steps forward in their efforts against precursor diversion, with support from the previous UNODC project "Precursor Control in East Asia", which was terminated in April 2000, more still need to be done to build on that foundation. However, recent cases of diversion involving other countries in the sub-region show that further strengthening of MOU countries alone would not be sufficient to address the emerging trends in precursor diversion. More importantly, progress made by MOU countries could be significantly negated or frustrated. It is therefore clear that while assistance to MOU countries should continue, steps should also be taken not only to strengthen vulnerable neighbours of MOU countries, but to forge a wider network of cooperation in the sub region against precursor trafficking and diversion.
In broad terms the overall strategy of the project is to suppress existing heroin and methamphetamine manufacturing centres through intensive action against precursor trafficking in these areas; prevent the establishment of new manufacturing centres of synthetic drugs in the region by improving precursor control in susceptible countries; assist MOU countries to further strengthen precursor control measures, and to promote cooperation among countries in the region.
A. Immediate Objectives:
Intensified control of licit trade and suppression of illicit trafficking in MOU countries; strengthened capacity of vulnerable countries neighbouring the MOU countries to prevent domestic and regional diversion and trafficking of precursors; enhanced cooperation among countries in East and Southeast Asia to prevent diversion and trafficking of precursors used by clandestine laboratories;
B. Major Project Outputs:
Report containing actions required to increase interdiction of precursors at the common borders of China, Myanmar, Thailand and Laos with a focus on the Mekong area and southern China, completed and submitted to the national drug authorities of these countries; a National Action Plan formulated by each MOU country for systematic implementation of actions aimed at more effective control and monitoring of licit trade in precursors, and suppression of illicit trafficking in precursors to the control and nature of licit and illicit trade in precursors; key personnel in regulatory agencies in the Philippines and Indonesia have acquired sufficient knowledge for preventing diversion of precursors from legitimate trade in chemicals into illicit markets; influential members and policy makers of the chemical industry in the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia educated on precursor control; national system set up in the Philippines and Indonesia for compiling and sharing information among regulatory and law enforcement agencies to facilitate the control and monitoring of precursors at national and international level; instructors in the Philippines and Indonesia trained to equip law enforcement officers with basic knowledge on precursors and interdiction and investigation of precursor diversion and trafficking; a regional plan developed for cooperation among countries in East and Southeast Asia with the goal of depriving clandestine laboratories in the region of precursors required for the manufacture of illicit drugs;
C. Main Project Activities:
Arrange national and regional workshops and meetings to increase interdiction of precursors and to formulate National Action Plans in all countries for Precursor control. Midterm and terminal reviews will take place to monitor and follow up the implementation of the Plan.
Fact finding missions will be conducted to the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia and workshops to be followed up by meetings and training for regulatory and law enforcement personnel to promote precursor control in the three countries.
Regional and bilateral meetings will be held to promote cooperation among countries in the region to prevent diversion and trafficking of precursors. A regional plan for cooperation will be developed and agreed upon through a regional conference.
At the end of the project, it can be expected that it will be more difficult to obtain precursors in the sub region for illicit drug manufacture. There will be improved monitoring of precursor trade movements at the national and sub regional levels. Control structures will be in place and operating procedures and mechanisms established for coordination among the agencies, which will have trained staff to prevent, detect and investigate diversions.
The project is executed by UNODC (Regional Centre for East Asia), with a Project Coordinator directly responsible for implementation of the project activities. Each of the participating countries will nominate a lead counterpart agency and appoint an official who liases with the Project Coordinator on all matters and is responsible for national administrative arrangements required under the project.
|Project Budget in US$ (app)|
|Project Support Cost||207,100|