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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities
Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

G43 - Illicit Crop Monitoring in Myanmar

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: G43 - Illicit Crop Monitoring in Myanmar
Duration: 7 years
Status/Starting Date: 2003
Project Function: Elimination of Illicit Drugs
Government Counterpart Agency: Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control, Ministry of Home Affairs
Executing Agency: UNODC
Aggregate Budget & Funding Source: 1,636,934 US$ (Japan, Italy & United States of America)


2. Project Background and Justification

In order to assess the scope of opium poppy cultivation and opium production, UNODC has been carrying out Myanmar illicit crop monitoring in cooperation with the Government since 2003. These annual Myanmar opium surveys have become the government's and the international community's most complete and reliable source of information on the nature, scope and trends of illicit crops in the country.

The survey contributes to establishing a comprehensive monitoring system in Myanmar. It builds on the experience acquired in previous years and further strengthens the capacity of the government to maintain such a system. The Annual Opium Survey is a combination of an interview-based socio-economic surveys, price monitoring, yield estimation and interpretation of satellite images.


3. Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

Objective: Overall objective of the project is to provide verifiable estimates on the extents and evolution of opium poppy cultivation in Myanmar to national authorities, regional and sub-regional corporation mechanisms as well as UN and international community.

Immediate objectives of the project are:

  • To conduct Myanmar Annual Opium Surveys, and
  • To build national capacity to manage an illicit crop monitoring system.

Outcome 1: Implementation of the national Opium Poppy Survey in 2009 and 2010, concurrent with enhancing the capacity of the national authorities to collect relevant data on illicit opium production.

Output 1.1: Myanmar Opium Survey Report 2009 and 2010 produced. Production of the 2009 and 2010 Annual Myanmar Opium Survey Reports by jointly implemented with the CCDAC and the Remote Sensing Department of the Ministry of Forests.

Output 1.2: Improved national capacity to conduct opium poppy surveys. Training and upgrading of the skills of staff of the CCDAC and the Forestry Departments in advances in remote sensing technology, familiarization with new areas to be surveyed, and data collection methodology for socio-economic surveys on the impact of the opium ban, carried out.

Activities: The project continues to support the Annual Opium Surveys in Myanmar and also monitor the sustainability of opium poppy elimination efforts in regions that have been declared opium-poppy free. Additionally, the survey draws on prior data to carefully analyze patterns and intensification of opium poppy cultivation practices by farmers in order to detect expansions into new areas, the prevalence of off-season crops and the overall regional opium yield per hectare.

The annual opium survey in Myanmar promotes the development and maintenance of a global network of illicit crop monitoring system in the context of illicit crop elimination objective. The surveys provide overall coordination as well as direct technical support and supervision to UNODC supported illicit crop surveys at the country level.


4. Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

The project works closely with the Central Committee of Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC) under the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Department of Forest- for annual survey. The UNODC team provides trainings to enhance capabilities of national authorities to collect relevant data on illicit opium production through ground survey trainings. The survey teams are monitored and supervised by ICMP teams consists of government staffs and local authorities.