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VNM/T28 - Strengthening capacity of law enforcement and justice sectors to prevent and respond to domestic violence in Viet Nam

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: VNM/T28 - Strengthening capacity of law enforcement and justice sectors to prevent and respond to domestic violence in Viet Nam
Strategic Theme: Rule of Law/ Prevention, treatment and reintegration, and alternative development
Duration (Start/End): 2008 - 2011
Executing agency: UNODC
Implementing agency: Ministry of Public Security (MPS), in co-operation with the Ministry of Justice (MoJ)
UNODC's contribution: US$ 1,338,382
Government's contribution (in kind): US$ 18,182

 

2. Project Background and Justification

There is evidence that domestic violence is a serious problem in Viet Nam. The country has only recently started to openly discuss the issue and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention was passed in the National Assembly in November 2007. Effective implementation of the law, which will take effect 1 July 2008, requires extensive capacity building of both law enforcement and justice sector. The UNODC project "Strengthening capacity of law enforcement and justice sectors to prevent and respond to domestic violence in Viet Nam" aims at responding to this urgent need.

According to a Ministry of Public Security report, in 2005 almost 14% of murders in Viet Nam were related to domestic violence. In the first quarter of year 2006, the rate exceeded 30%. In 2005, in over 60% of divorce cases domestic violence was cited as the reason for divorce. In a domestic violence research conducted by Viet Nam Women's Union (VWU), over 50% of respondents considered domestic violence acceptable if the wife is too talkative, uncaring, rude to her husband or unfaithful.

No extensive projects on building up the technical capacity of law enforcement and justice sectors on domestic violence prevention have been implemented in Viet Nam. The UNODC project "Strengthening capacity of law enforcement and justice sectors to prevent and respond to domestic violence in Viet Nam" aims at increasing the capacity of law enforcement and justice sector officers to deal with cases of domestic violence. The project will develop training materials, conduct training courses, support the development of sufficient regulatory documents to ensure effective implementation of the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention, strengthen the victim legal support through strengthening the capacity of the Legal Aid Agency, support the development of specific criminal justice approaches based on a survey on criminal justice responses and the quality of services provided for the victims of domestic violence, as well as raise awareness of the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention at national level. The project activities are partly funded through the UN Joint Programme on Gender Equality.

The following group of individuals and institutions will benefit from the project activities:

  • Project partner Government agencies (MPS, MoJ)
  • Training institutions (Police Academy, Academy for Judiciary, Court College, Prosecution College)
  • Legal Aid Agency
  • National Non-Governmental Organizations and Research Institutes
  • The Vietnamese Community, in particular women who will benefit from improved criminal justice responses

 

3. Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

The overall objective of the project is to contribute to effective prevention of domestic violence against women through more responsive law enforcement and justice services.

The immediate objective of the project is to strengthen the technical capacity of law enforcement and justice sectors to prevent and respond to domestic violence.

Outputs:

Output 1:
Law enforcement and justice sector officers effectively identify and respond to cases of domestic violence

Output 2:
Technical assistance to justice and law enforcement sectors is provided to develop regulatory documents necessary for the implementation of the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention

Output 3:
Legal Aid Agency provides legal assistance and legal support to victims of domestic violence

Output 4:
Analyzed data on the experiences of victims of domestic violence on criminal justice responses and quality of services is available

Output 5:
Public awareness of unacceptability of domestic violence and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention

 

4. Execution modality and implementation arrangements

UNODC will execute the project through the UNODC Viet Nam Country Office with technical backstopping of substantive matters by UNODC HQ.

The project document and its objectives are in line with the UNODC Country Programme (CP) for Viet Nam 2008-2011, the UNODC Medium Term Strategy 2008-2011 and the One Plan (Common Action Plan) 2006-2010 between the Government of Viet Nam and the United Nations organizations in Viet Nam.

Representatives of the implementing agencies are forming the Project Steering Committee. The committee consists of senior representatives of MPS and MOJ, UNODC Viet Nam, the International Project Coordinator, the National Project Director and National Project Coordinator. It meets on a regular basis to review project progress and advise on or take important project-related decisions that ensure smooth project implementation.

An International Project Coordinator has been recruited to backstop the project and provide technical advice. A National Project Director has been appointed to oversee the implementation of the project in coordination with implementing partners. Administrative staff has been recruited to assist in the implementation.