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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Overall Objective, Outcomes, Outputs and Activities

Food Security Programme for Myanmar (4 village tract)

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: Food Security Programme for Burma/Myanmar (4 village tract)
Duration: 57 months
Status/Starting Date: 1 January 2009
Field: Sustainable Livelihoods
Executing Agency: UNODC
Aggregate Budget: US$ 2,325,000


2. Project Background and Justification

The Project aims to provide food security to local community in four village tracts of Hopong Township in the Southern Shan State. Communities in Loi Aun, Sa Ngaw, Hpet Yang and Kyauk Tan villages require food security in food availability, access to food supplies, and in nutritional adequacy of food.

Food insecurity is synonymous with poverty. When linked to an opium-based economy, it creates a worse-case scenario for participating farming households and the wider community. Where authorities are unable to promote the rule of law and effectively tackle trafficking and smuggling in illicit drugs, the private investments needed to stimulate wealth creation fail to reach rural communities. The political situation in the Shan State is made it more complex due to many ethnic groups who have signed on to a truce arrangement with the Government. Flare-ups in fighting occur from time to time.

The Project aims to establish food security by eliminating recurring food shocks cycles in rural Myanmar communities. This Project will improve access to nutritious food, make more food choices available, make improvements in basic health and sanitation, and strengthen the contribution of women in the local economy of Hopong. The Project will enhance sustainability by building up technical and technology capacity of village-based organizations so they can fully participate in all aspects of the intervention.

Surrounding villages are expected to benefit through externalities and synergies created by this Project and its sister project MMRJ94: 2007 Food security Programme for Burma/Myanmar (6 village tract) in Pawng Lin, Sam Hpu, Nam Hkoke, Kone Keng, Long Hay and Naung Laing.


3. Overall Objective, Outcomes, Outputs and Activities

Objective: To support food security to prevent recurring food crises and thereby contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 in Burma/Myanmar.

Specific Outcomes
Outcome1: Expanded access to economic sources of food for four farming communities in Hopong.
Outcome 2: Increased health and improved sanitation and life expectancy of farming households.
Outcome 3: Economic base of beneficiary communities expanded to sustain livelihoods.

1.1 Project targets and impact measures established.
1.2 Food crop production increased.
1.3 Significant decrease in opium cultivation achieved.
1.4 Livestock, fishery, non-timber forest products and mixed farming diversified..
1.5 Farming techniques accord with sustainable practices.
1.6 Road infrastructure (tracts and paths) provided.

2.1 Basic health-care services available.
2.2 Women's health, child care and domestic responsibilities recognized.
2.3 Safe water supplies and sanitation available to all.
2.4 Community-based treatment and rehabilitation for opium addicts introduced.
2.5 Social and recreational facilities provided.

3.1 On-going monthly planning and consultations with village-based organizations.
3.2 Technical education and vocational training for village-based organizations and local authorities provided.
3.3 Off-farm income and supplies to market established.
3.4 Marketing teams formed and operating.
3.5 Agri-based processing of selected products developed.
3.6 Seed and rice banks launched and managed by village-based organizations.

Detail of Activities
1.1.1 Design, develop and conduct baseline survey.
1.1.2 Introduce new crop varieties to increase yield.
1.1.3 Verify implementation of agreement on opium poppy reduction.
1.1.4 Introduce new breeds of livestock and in-land fisheries.
1.1.5 Introduction of crop spacing, irrigation and drainage.
1.1.6 Build 40 km of tracts and paths to serve the village economy.

2.1.1 Provide basic health care services by mobile health teams.
2.1.2 Support reproductive health care for women and vaccination programme for children.
2.1.3 Safe water supply and sanitation practices introduced.
2.1.4 Opium addicts enrolled in treatment and rehabilitation programme.
2.1.5 Communal recreational facilities for adults and play areas built.

3.1.1 Meetings to review and assess implementation progress
3.1.2 Range of technical and vocational skills training introduced.
3.1.3 Surplus produce and processed items sold in markets.
3.1.4 Training given to teams on marketing value-added products.
3.1.5 Selected products processed for sale.
3.1.6 Village-based organizations trained in running seed and rice bank.