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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Overall Objective, Outcomes, Outputs and Activities

Food Security Programme for Myanmar (6 village tract)

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: Food Security Programme for Burma/Myanmar (6 village tract)
Duration: 57 months
Status/Starting Date: 1 January 2009
Field: Sustainable Livelihoods
Executing Agency: UNODC
Aggregate Budget: US$ 2,635,000


2. Project Background and Justification

The project aims to provide food security to local communities in six village tracts of Hopong Township in Southern Shan State. Communities in Pawng Lin, Kone Keng, Nam Hkoke, Long Hay, Sam Hpu and Naung Laing villages have been assessed as requiring food security in availability of food, access to food supplies, and nutritional adequacy of food

Food insecurity is synonymous with poverty. When linked to an opium-based economy it creates a worse-case scenario for participating farming households and the wider community. If authorities are unable to promote the rule of law and effectively tackle trafficking and smuggling in illicit drugs, the private investments needed to stimulate wealth creation fail to reach rural communities.

The Project aims to establish food security in Hopong Township by eliminating recurring food shock cycles in rural Myanmar communities. The Project will improve community access to nutritious food, make more food choices available, make improvements in basic health and sanitation and strengthen the contribution of women to the local economy. The Project will enhance sustainability by building up the technical and technological capacity of village-based organizations so that they can fully participate in all aspects of the Project.

Nearby villages are expected to gain greater food security thanks to this Project and through synergies created by its sister Project MMRJ95: 2007 Food security Programme for Burma/Myanmar (4 Village tract) in Loi Aun, Sa Ngaw, Hpet Yang and Kyauk Tan villages.


3. Overall Objective, Outcomes, Outputs and Activities

Objective: To support food security so as to prevent recurring food crises and thereby contribute to the achievement of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 in Burma/Myanmar.

Specific Outcomes
Outcome1: Expanded access to economic sources of food for six farming communities in Hopong.
Outcome 2: Improved health and sanitation and increased life expectancy in farming households.
Outcome 3: Economic base of beneficiary communities expanded to sustain livelihoods.

1.1 Project targets and impact measures established.
1.2 Food crop production increased.
1.3 Significant decrease in opium cultivation.
1.4 Livestock, fishery, non-timber forest products, mixed farming diversified.
1.5 Farming techniques accord with sustainable practices.
1.6 Road infrastructure (tracts and paths) provided.

2.1 Basic health-care services made available.
2.2 Women's health, child care and domestic responsibilities recognized.
2.3 Safe water supplies and sanitation available to all.
2.4 Community-based treatment & rehabilitation for opium addicts is introduced.
2.5 Social and recreational facilities provided.

3.1 On-going monthly planning and consultations with village-based organisations.
3.2 Technical education and vocational training for village-based organisations and local authorities provided.
3.3 Off-farm income and supplies to market established.
3.4 Marketing teams formed and operating.
3.5 Agri-based processing of selected products developed.
3.6 Seed and rice banks launched and managed by village-based organisations.

Detail of Activities
1.1.1 Design, develop and conduct baseline survey.
1.1.2 Introduce new crop varieties to increase yield.
1.1.3 Verify implementation of agreement on opium poppy reduction.
1.1.4 Introduce new breeds of livestock and in-land fisheries.
1.1.5 Introduce crop spacing, irrigation and drainage.
1.1.6 Build 40 km of tracts and paths to serve the village economy.

2.1.1 Provide basic health care services by mobile health teams.
2.1.2 Support reproductive health care for women and vaccination programme for children.
2.1.3 Safe water supply and sanitation practices introduced.
2.1.4 Opium addicts enrolled in treatment and rehabilitation programme.
2.1.5 Communal recreational facilities for adults and play areas built.

3.1.1 Meetings to review and assess implementation progress.
3.1.2 Range to technical and vocational skills training introduced.
3.1.3 Surplus produce and processed items sold in markets.
3.1.4 Training given to teams on marketing value-added products.
3.1.5 Selected products processed for sale.
3.1.6 Village-based organisations trained in running seed and rice bank.