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Support to improved security by provision of capacity building to the Jakarta Centre for Law Enforcement Co-operation (JCLEC)
|No. and Title:||EuropeAid/127478/L/ACT/ID, Strengthening the Rule of Law and Security in Indonesia Programme Component 1: Support to the Fighting Against Corruption|
|Status/Starting Date:||Mid to end 2009|
|Field:||Judicial Capacity in Indonesia|
2. Project Description (Background & Justification)
Indonesia's vulnerability to security of the state in general and transnational crime in particular is evidenced by its weaknesses in governance, border management, intelligence and law enforcement. The Indonesian National Police (INP), particularly its Criminal Investigation Division (CID), is the frontline agency responsible for combating transnational crime yet its ability to do so is hampered by organisational deficiencies, particularly related to investigative capacity and training systems. Similar problems exist within other law enforcement agencies such as the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) and the Financial Trans-projects Analysis and Reporting Centre (PPATK), all of which have important investigative and analytical roles to play in fighting transnational crime. The Jakarta Centre for Law Enforcement and Cooperation (JCLEC) is the lead training institute in Indonesia on transnational crime issues and is already an established training provider to these agencies. Accordingly, JCLEC is the ideal conduit through which the UNODC and its Implementing Partners (Kemitraan the Partnership For Governance Reform) and Associate will implement a customised, high quality training and staff development programme (the project) that will not only strengthen JCLEC's own capacity but also that of law enforcement agencies responsible for managing transnational crime in Indonesia.
In response to the general issues identified in needs assessments of these agencies, the project will address these specific problems/issues:
- Low instructor capacity within law enforcement agencies.
- Inadequate investigative and managerial capacity within INP.
- Poor law enforcement agency coordination and integration.
- Sub-optimal alignment of INP priorities with training courses available at JCLEC.
- Increasing INP demand for transnational crime training courses.
The challenges faced by these agencies make them ideal targets for the project as they are in most need of the training and staff development measures that are proposed. The judiciary will also be included as a target group in order to implement an integrated criminal justice sector capacity building initiative that captures a variety of professional perspectives and seeks to build common approaches. The final beneficiaries of the project will be the target agencies mainly the INP, other agencies including KPK, PPATK AGO and Judiciary. JCLEC where the project is located and with whose cooperation and consultation it is to be executed would also be a direct beneficiary. The target agencies will benefit from specialised training courses that will develop skilled and professional staff that can perform their jobs to a high standard. JCLEC will benefit from the introduction of international best practices in teaching methodology, training courses and learning resources to the Centre and exposure to high-quality instructors and eminent police training academies. Ultimately, the Indonesian public will benefit as strengthened law enforcement capacities will help to contain the threat of transnational crime, thereby increasing the rule of law and security in Indonesia and encouraging greater political, social and economic stability in the country.
The project is directly relevant to the security and law and order priorities of the Government of Indonesia (GOI) as set out in the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJM) 2004-2009. The RPJM considers low police professionalism a major reason for Indonesia's slow responsiveness to preventing and managing the rise in transnational crime. Its proposed solutions include improving police education and training, enhancing police competence in core tasks and developing specialised skills amongst police. The project aims to directly support these measures through its own training initiatives.
The project contributes to achieving the EC's objective of promoting the rule of law and security in Indonesia through a capacity building strategy that is centered on the twin priorities of quality and sustainability. The project is directly relevant to the priorities and requirements of the EC's project proposal Guidelines in the following ways:
- In accordance with the project purpose outlined in the Guidelines, the project aims to strengthen JCLEC's overall capacity as a training institution. It will do this by introducing high quality, international best practice training courses to the Centre; providing experts to advise on training planning and curriculum development; establishing a trainer professional development programme for current national JCLEC instructors; developing a pool of expert local trainers who can be absorbed into JCLEC's permanent faculty; and fostering cooperative links between JCLEC and other international training institutions to build JCLEC's academic excellence. These activities either directly correspond with the project priorities outlined in the Guidelines or specifically support the institutional strengthening objectives of these priorities.
- The project will provide specialised training to those law enforcement institutions identified in the Guidelines (INP, KPK, PPATK, AGO) as well as the judiciary so that the criminal justice sector as a whole is better equipped to manage serious transnational crime. Proposed training courses will focus on terrorism, financial crimes, corruption, various forms of transnational organised crime, legislation, management of intelligence and forensics, investigation management, cross agency collaboration and international crime cooperation. These themes have been selected to explore and address the major transnational crime issues affecting Indonesia, as identified in the Guidelines.
- Particular training courses under the project will focus on improving managerial and leadership capacity amongst senior INP managers, particularly at the POLDA level, so that they are better able to cooperate on investigations and share information with each other, as well as coordinate activities with other international law enforcement agencies. This approach directly corresponds with one of the project priorities outlined in the Guidelines. It also recognises that building regional investigative capacity in Indonesia is a vital component of an effective counter transnational crime strategy.
The project is also in line with the Indonesia European Community Strategy Paper 2007 2013, which prioritises the strengthening of law enforcement and judicial administration and particularly focuses on addressing transnational crime. The project builds on the EC's engagement with Indonesia in the governance and rule of law sector, which traces back to the EC's Indonesia Country Strategy Paper for 2002-2006.
3. Overall Objective, Outcomes, Outputs & Activities
Overall objective(s): To improve the rule of law and security in Indonesia by strengthening the investigative and management capacities of the Indonesian National Police (INP) and other law enforcement agencies so that they are better able to detect, prevent and investigate serious transnational crime.
Specific objective: To supplement the capacity of JCLEC to train INP officers and other law enforcement personnel in the skills necessary for tackling transnational crime by establishing a comprehensive training and staff development programme
In this regard, the project aims to achieve the following particular objectives:
- to improve the ability of the INP and other law enforcement agencies to investigate transnational crime by imparting specialised skills and knowledge on priority crime areas to 1,470 INP officers (focusing particularly on the senior ranks of the Criminal Investigations Division - CID), and 300 staff members of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), the Financial Transproject Reports and Analysis Centre (PPATK), the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) and the courts. Training courses will focus on crimes like terrorism, money laundering, corruption, transnational organised crime and cross cutting issues like legislation, management of intelligence and forensics, investigation management, information sharing and international crime cooperation.
- to improve investigation management and information sharing amongst police managers, particularly regional managers of the CID (POLDA), through customised training modules.
- to improve training capacity in the INP and other law enforcement agencies through specialised, cumulative training to 40 internal trainers from INP training schools, which will also enhance the sustainability of the project's training courses.
- to recruit and train local trainers to assist with the training courses and to facilitate the inclusion of these trainers within JCLEC's permanent staff to enhance the project's sustainability and local ownership of the project.
- to develop a five year training and education plan for JCLEC, establish training quality standards guidelines for the Centre and conduct staff development workshops for JCLEC academic staff in order to strengthen JCLEC as a training institute.
- to forge institutional links between JCLEC and training institutions in European Union and ASEAN member countries in order to enhance JCLEC's academic excellence.
- Lay foundations of a long term real life simulation based training facility by installing Hydra immersive training platform.
Outcome1 - Activity-Cluster 1: Transnational crime training courses given
Outcome 2 - Activity-Cluster 2: Recruitment of local trainers and trainer professional development
Outcome 3 - Activity-Cluster 3: Development of a long-term training and education plan for JCLEC
Outcome 4 - Activity-Cluster 4: Development of academic links between JCLEC and other institutions