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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities
Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

AD/VIE/H65 - Strengthening Drug Law Enforcement Agency Information Collection and Sharing Procedures

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: AD/VIE/H65 - Strengthening Drug Law Enforcement Agency Information Collection and Sharing Procedures
Duration: 3 years
Status/Starting Date: 1 August 2009
Location: Hanoi, Vietnam
Executing Agency: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Viet Nam Country Office
Implementing Agency: Counter-Narcotics Police Department,
Ministry of Public Security
UNODC Total Budget: US $1,122,500 million


2. Project Background and Justification

Despite recent success in largely eradicating opium cultivation, Viet Nam faces increasing threats in other drug-related areas. Its proximity to the 'Golden Triangle' (Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand), combined with its extensive borders with Cambodia, China and Lao PDR, as well as its long coastline, leaves drug traffickers with attractive conditions for smuggling illicit drugs into and out of Viet Nam. Insufficient law enforcement resources also contribute to providing a favorable environment for traffickers.

The continuation of the open door (doi moi) policy and further integration with the international community is increasingly exposing Viet Nam to the `negatives of globalization'. Over the past five years, Viet Nam has witnessed an escalation in the trafficking of illicit drugs.

The biggest problem with regard to drug supply reduction is the inadequate and ineffective nature of border security enforcement. Drug trafficking in particular has increased along the Viet Nam-Cambodia border since 2003. Over 98 per cent of drug trafficking is discovered inside the country, while only 2 per cent at the border areas. Consequently, the government wants to strengthen cooperation among relevant authorities operating in border areas, including counter-narcotics police, customs authorities and the border army.

It is widely acknowledged by both Vietnamese drug law enforcement agencies and international agencies working within Viet Nam that their current information collection and sharing procedures are inadequate and need to be restructured. The countries effectiveness in drug law enforcement is being hampered by their current processes which are not well organized or effective. Without a structured system which ensures the rapid flow of information between provinces, agencies and internationally the effectiveness of any initiative is severely hampered.

Lack of equipment for sharing information between provincial offices of each department and with other agencies is also impeding the drug enforcement agencies capacity to interdict and dismantle networks engaged in the trafficking of narcotics into and out of Viet Nam.


3. Immediate Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

Immediate objective: Enhanced information collection, sharing and cooperation between the Counter-Narcotics Police, Customs and the Border Army to enable more effective and efficient targeting of narcotic crime groups in Vietnam.

Output 1: Within the first 6 months of the project, introduced standard inter-agency forms to use for collection, collation, analysis and dissemination of information relating to narcotics investigations.

Output 2: Within the first 8 months of the project, training material and course outline established for basic, intermediate and advanced training in information collection, collation, analysis and dissemination.

Output 3: 400 drug control officials in project sites and hotspot provinces trained in the latest drug law enforcement information collection and analysis techniques. These officials will understand collection and collation methodologies; effective use of analytical charting tools; effective dissemination of information in an accurate and timely manner; and be able to provide written reports and verbal briefings. Training will improve the information collection procedures of all agencies, which will enhance the investigation capabilities of the agencies.

Output 4: By the end of the second year of the project, established Target Development Teams (CND will establish teams in Hanoi, HCMC, Danang and Hai Phong. They will also establish sub offices consisting of two members in the provincial offices of Lang son, Lao Cai, Son La, Thanh Hoa, Long An and An Giang. Customs and the Border Army will have established teams in Hanoi and HCMC) that specialize in the collation and analysis of information held by the agencies which enables them to develop the information into an operational investigation that can be handed to operational teams for resolution of the investigation.

Output 5: Enhanced strategic planning, information-gathering, case management, and analytical capabilities of Vietnamese drug enforcement agencies through establishment of a computerized law enforcement information system.


4. Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

UNODC will execute the project through the UNODC Viet Nam Country Office with technical backstopping of substantive matters by the Anti Trafficking Unit in UNODC HQ in close cooperation with the South-East Asia and the Pacific Section of UNODC HQ, which is responsible for the overall coordination and management.

An international Technical Advisor will be recruited to backstop the project and provide technical advice. A National Project Coordinator will be recruited to coordinate the implementation in close consultation with the executing and implementing agencies. An administrative staff will be recruited to assist in the implementation. One Vietnamese-national IT Specialist (Network Administrator / IT Support) has also been included who will oversee the setting up and maintenance of the servers, desktops, and software of all departments, as well as providing systems management and application support, for the duration of the project.