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Project Code and Sector
Project Background and Justification
Objective, Outputs and Main Activities
Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

VNM/S79 - Support to strengthening of immigration control capacity at the international border gates and international cooperation to prevent and control migrant smuggling and human trafficking

1. Project Code and Sector

No. and Title: VNM/S79 - Support to strengthening of immigration control capacity at the international border gates and international cooperation to prevent and control migrant smuggling and human trafficking
Duration: 3 years
Starting Date: February 2010
Location: Viet Nam
Strategic Theme, Result Area: Rule of Law
1.1 Ratification and implementation of conventions and protocols
1.2 International cooperation in criminal justice matters
1.3 Criminal justice systems: more accessible, accountable and effective
Executing Agency: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Government Implementing Agency: Immigration Department - Ministry of Public Security
UNODC Total Budget: US$ 1,044,300


2. Project Background and Justification

Driven by 'pull' and 'push' factors in source and destination countries, groups of people continue to seek to move from countries affected by conflict, resource scarcity, and economic under-development to more developed countries. Viet Nam is also affected by these movements. Taking advantage of the situation, trans-national criminal groups engage in migrant smuggling and human trafficking, which is often coupled with other criminal activity, such as terrorism, smuggling of drugs and other contraband, and money laundering. Organized crime groups take advantage of the lack of equal opportunities in source countries, the desire to escape from poverty and to improve one's status by seeking better lives abroad in order to carry out their criminal activities. Prevention and control of migrant smuggling and human trafficking is an important task, not for any individual country, but requires close cooperation among countries in the world.

In addition to the increasing pressure of population movements, the modus operandi of those involved in smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons are becoming increasingly complex. The number of people seeking migration outcomes is increasing, challenging the capacity of destination countries' to support new arrivals. Stricter control measures applied by destination countries have provided an incentive for organized criminal groups engaged in smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons to seek more and more sophisticated means of defeating detection and continuing their profits.

As regional travel linkages expand, and world events continue to provide motivation for significant groups of people to leave their countries seeking economic migration or resettlement outcomes, Viet Nam will find itself targeted as a transit country for irregular migration, and may experience attempts by organised people smugglers to stage operations from the country should circumstances allow it. These may include attempts to smuggle migrants by air and sea, and may involve other related organised crime including document manufacture and attempts to subvert Vietnamese authorities.

In the case of China, there is a demand for trafficking in Vietnamese women for marriage, sexual exploitation, domestic work, forced labour and adoption of boys. The demand for women and boys is a consequence of the one child policy applied and preference for male children.

In the case of Cambodia, the main documented purpose of trafficking is sexual exploitation.


3. Objective, Outputs and Main Activities

The focus of activities under this project will be capacity building at land, air and sea ports through the strengthening of law enforcement and immigration methods such as detecting document and passport fraud, analyzing information and trends in order to better identify and investigate cases of trafficking and smuggling in Viet Nam's three main airports, three main seaports as well as key land ports.

The project will work to develop a border information analysis capacity for the specialized unit in the Immigration Department which will draw reports from all border & visa operations and develop threat assessments and other significant trend reporting for Border Security agency management, Police, and Government.

Project Objective:
To strengthen the capacity of immigration control at the international border gates and the skills of investigation, detection and information processing on migrant smuggling and human trafficking in line with the requirements of the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols against Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants.

Output 1: An assessment drafted of the needs for training, equipment, information sharing coordination, communication to improve public awareness in order to enhance immigration control at some international border gates.

Output 2: Focal points identified and information sharing system established between the immigration control forces at the international border gates with the central Immigration Department, Border Army and local immigration agencies.

Output 3: Based upon the assessment in Output 1, basic equipment provided to the immigration control units and investigation units of the immigration control forces at the international border gates at airports, sea ports and on land, within project budget limits and taking into account the interests of all stakeholders.

Output 4: Training programmes and workplan prepared on the basis of the need assessment made under Output 1. The training manuals and materials will assist in improving the capacity and the effectiveness of immigration control at the international border gates, contributing to prevent migrant smuggling and human trafficking;, and cooperate with third party which is the destination country. The manuals could be incorporated in the curricula of relevant training institutions such as the Security Academy, and Border Army Academy.

Output 5: National legal frameworks aimed at criminalizing the smuggling of migrants developed as well as increased international cooperation through mutual legal assistance (MLA) agreements and MoUs with relevant countries. One training class held on mutual legal assistance and extradition best practices and training given on the use of the UNODC mutual legal assistance writer software program.

Output 6: Seven training sessions conducted for immigration officers, border army personnel and the procuracy.

Output 7: International cooperation contacts and networks established in the Immigration Department as focal point with key cooperating countries in the region .

Output 8: Communication, legal education and public awareness on migrant smuggling and human trafficking improved through upgrading of a website of the Immigration Department, preparation of handbooks for law enforcement officials and handouts, leaflets, brochures for the public, dissemination of information over the mass media and telephone.


4. Counterpart, Institutional Setting and Implementing Arrangements

The project will be executed by UNODC. The implementing agency will be the Immigration Department under the Ministry of Public Security. Associated implementing agencies will be the Border Army, under the Ministry of Defence.

UNODC will execute the project through the UNODC Viet Nam Country Office with technical backstopping of substantive matters by the Anti-Trafficking Section of UNODC HQ in cooperation with the South-East Asia and the Pacific Section of UNODC HQ.

A National Project Director will be appointed by the Government to oversee the implementation of the project. The National Project Director is working directly for the implementing agencies, not UNODC. An International Technical Advisor will be recruited to backstop the project and provide technical advice. A National Project Coordinator will be recruited to coordinate project implementation in cooperation with the implementing agencies. A national administrative staff will be recruited to assist the in the project's implementation. Both the National Project Coordinator and the Administrative Staff will work directly for UNODC and will be paid by the project.