A number of governance indicators reveal that corruption remains a significant obstacle to development in several countries of the region. Corruption is encountered throughout the process of harvesting and manufacturing illegal wood-based products, migrant smuggling and working illegally, among other crimes. Corruption of public officials helps to fuel human trafficking and child sex tourism.
The UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) provides a comprehensive framework to strengthen anti-corruption programmes in the region. By the end of 2013 all countries in the region will have undergone a UNCAC compliance review related to criminal enforcement and international cooperation capacity.
Effective anti-corruption efforts require a whole-of-government and society approach, including different sectors and branches of the government, civil society groups and the private sector. Public engagement often makes a real difference.
Ongoing support to developing national and regional capacities to prevent and effectively address corruption remains an important priority for UNODC.