In today's globalised society no country is immune to terrorism and no country can effectively deal with terrorism alone. Terrorists are adept at exploiting countries with weak counter-terrorism capabilities, and even those countries which do not currently encounter terrorism threats need to ensure adequate counter-terrorism preparedness. National action and international cooperation are key elements for addressing terrorism effectively. The ability to successfully address the challenges depends heavily on the capacity of national criminal justice systems to administer fair and effective justice for perpetrators of terrorist crimes, and to undertake effective preventive measures in accordance with the rule of law.
Regional leaders have made clear counter-terrorism policy pronouncements and, through ASEAN, have adopted the ASEAN Convention on Counter Terrorism and the Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Among Like-Minded ASEAN Member Countries.
Steady progress is being achieved regarding the ratification of international counter-terrorism (CT) instruments, with some countries having already ratified up to 13, and most countries have CT legislative provisions in place. However, many states need to undertake a review of their CT legislative provisions and adopt legislative modifications for establishing full compliance with the provisions of all 18 instruments.