Anti-Corruption

 

Our commitment

UNODC's main role will be to support partner countries to adopt and implement the UNCAC. It will also work with them to use the UNCAC as an analytical tool to assess partner countries' requirements as they move toward full compliance. It will seek to do this through providing technical support to translate the provisions of the UNCAC to build sustainable institutions and procedures. The RPF will focus its support on four main areas of work.
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Our main achievements in 2012

  • Four out of seven ratifications and accessions to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) in 2012 were undertaken by Member States in East Asia and the Pacific (Federated States of Micronesia, Myanmar, Nauru, and Solomon Islands). UNODC assisted in this process by providing advice and by organising pre-ratification workshops.
  • The first cycle of UNCAC reviews was launched under the UNCAC Review Mechanism with support from UNODC. Two reviews (Mongolia and Indonesia) were completed; two reviews (Fiji and Papua New Guinea) have been nearly completed; and five countries (Brunei Darussalam, Lao PDR, the Philippines, Timor Leste and Viet Nam) are undergoing ongoing review.
  • Viet Nam prepared Implementation Guidelines for anti-money laundering investigations and prosecutions, removing one of the last barriers to the conduct of such work. The Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) in Lao PDR referred a number of Suspicious Transaction Reports to law enforcement for investigation, with mentoring support from UNODC.
  • Enhanced cooperation between anti-corruption institutions in Indonesia was evident. Data indicates an increase in the number of cases developed jointly between the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) and other institutions as part of their Coordination and Supervision functions. UNODC's goCase software was also successfully installed at KPK to improve their case management systems.
  • UNODC facilitated a Presidential Dialogue on anti-corruption in Indonesia. This helped to advocate for implementation of the national anti-corruption strategy. Also in Indonesia, an Anti-Corruption Learning Centre (ACLC) was launched, with UNODC support.
  • High-visibility anti-corruption campaigns were undertaken in Indonesia, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand to mark the International Day against Corruption (9 December 2011).

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Our main achievements in 2011

  • UNCAC was ratified by Cook Islands, Marshall Islands, Thailand and Vanuatu, with support from UNODC.
  • The first cycle of UNCAC reviews under the UNCAC Review Mechanism continued with support from UNODC. Five reviews were completed; those for Brunei Darussalam, Fiji, Indonesia, Mongolia, Timor Leste and Viet Nam. Five reviews are ongoing; those for Lao PDR, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, and Republic of Korea.
  • UNODC continued as a key supporter for the implementation of UNCAC by organising and supporting regional trainings and workshops.
  • UNODC, in partnership with UNDP, organised an International Conference on "Principles for Anti-Corruption Agencies" in Jakarta which led to adoption of the Jakarta Principles for anti-corruption agencies.
  • UNODC organised a Regional Workshop on "Judicial Integrity in Southeast Asia: Integrity-based Judicial Reform" in Indonesia. A national workshop on the same subject was also held in Indonesia.
  • In Indonesia, a joint MoU was signed between the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), Indonesian National Police and the Attorney General's Office on Optimization of Corruption Eradication in March 2012. It resulted in enhanced cooperation between anti-corruption institutions in Indonesia. Data indicates an increase in the number of jointly developed cases built by the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), Indonesian National Police and the Attorney General's Office as part of the Coordination and Supervision functions of the KPK.
  • The President of Indonesia signed the National Strategy on Corruption Prevention and Eradication (STRANAS-PPK) in May 2012. It provides for both long (2012 - 2025) and medium term (2012 - 2014) strategy aligned with UNCAC.
  • In Viet Nam engagement with the Government Inspectorate, People's Procuracy and Ministry of Public Security (Police anti-corruption related crimes department) during 2012 culminated in three workshops. They resulted in Prosecutors and Investigators recognising that a focus on money laundering is central to corruption investigations. The number of Suspicious Transactions Reports (STR) received by the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) grew throughout 2012 as a result of work with the regulated sector. Authorities in Viet Nam have initiated the prosecution of two offenders for money laundering.
  • Fourteen individual training events ranging from five-day basic investigation techniques courses to STR compliance, money laundering and financial investigation courses were delivered in 2012. More technical training in bulk cash smuggling and the elements of Article 251 of the Vietnamese Penal Code (Money Laundering Offence) was also delivered. In total some 340 officials received training across Viet Nam, Cambodia and Lao PDR.    
  • In Indonesia UNODC facilitated a Presidential dialogue with civil society organisations so that the President would receive first-hand information on anti-corruption measures and recognise the roles played by NGOs.
  • UNODC and UNDP partnered with local entities and the media in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Marshall Islands and Thailand to organise high-visibility advocacy activities promoting International Anti-Corruption Day and the "ACT against Corruption Today" campaign.

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Our main achievements in 2010

  • UNCAC ratification by Thailand (as a result of direct advocacy by UNODC) and the adoption of an UNCAC implementation plan by Viet Nam.
  • Increased capacity of the Economic Police in Viet Nam to identify, investigate and prosecute economic crimes, including money laundering cases. Data for 2010 shows a significant increase in the number of cases handled and the value of assets frozen or confiscated.
  • The establishment of corruption 'Complaint Posts' in Indonesia, run by NGOs selected by the Corruption Eradication Commission, and specifically focused on addressing cases of corruption within the Indonesian judiciary and court system.
  • Anti-Corruption Awareness Training and Certification completed for 120 senior judges in Indonesia.
  • Over 40 representatives of public and private sectors are now members of Indonesia's newly established Anti-Corruption Forum.
  • High-visibility anti-corruption engagements in Indonesia and Viet Nam to mark the International Day against Corruption (9 December).

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Our main achievements in 2009

  • Strengthened capacity of the anti-corruption institution in Thailand to implement the provisions of the UN Convention on Anti-Corruption, including with respect to asset recovery.
  • Initiation of 3 corruption prevention programme sub-components in Indonesia, and the establishment of an anti-corruption forum involving government and civil society stakeholders.
  • Establishing effective Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing capacities in selected Pacific Island states (including the establishment / strengthening of Financial Intelligence Units).
  • Increased effectiveness of the relevant authorities in Viet Nam to tackle money laundering.

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