Peru is currently the second-largest producer of coca bush in the world, with 61,200 hectares of its land being under cultivation in 2010. UNODC's alternative development programme works closely with the Government and farmers to provide viable alternatives to coca bush cultivation.
UNODC has been involved in alternative development in Peru for over 25 years by providing the technical assistance necessary for developing modern and commercially viable legal enterprises. To date, UNODC has worked directly with over 8,000 farming families (40,000 people) that used to be dependent on coca bush cultivation. In Peru, UNODC supports the introduction of alternative development in areas like forest management, the protection of ecosystems in indigenous communities, livestock raising and the development and consolidation of legal and self-sustained economies through the marketing of palm oil, heart of palm, cacao and coffee.
Commercial performance of farmer enterprises
UNODC supports farming enterprises to implement modern management practices, meet international quality control and environmental protection standards, and open new national and export markets for their products. These enterprises have been extremely successful, with sales of products increasing steadily, year after year. In 2008, the combined sales of the top 13 UNODC-supported enterprises were worth US$ 92.3 million, with 90 per cent of the sales being made in Europe, North America, Asia and Australia. Domestically, these enterprises also profited from positive marketing developments. In addition, beneficiaries have become partial owners through the purchase of shares.