United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute; Turin, Italy - (UNICRI)
The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) was created in 1968 to assist intergovernmental, governmental and non-governmental organizations in formulating and implementing improved policies in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice.
UNICRI's major goals include advancing security, serving justice and building peace. The activities of UNICRI tackle major concerns in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice, such as corruption, security governance and counter-terrorism and organized crime (in particular, trafficking of human beings as well as illicit drugs).
UNICRI has been structuring its work programmes and modus operandi to make them responsive to the needs of the international community. The UNICRI Applied Research Programme is organized in four main work areas: Emerging Crimes and Anti-Human Trafficking; Security Governance and Counter Terrorism Laboratory; Justice Reform and Post-Graduate Training.
UNICRI became a part of the United Nations Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) established by the Secretary-General in July 2005, in an attempt to ensure coordinated and coherent efforts across the UN system to counter terrorism. Other areas of intervention are, inter alia, violence, both domestic and in the workplace; environmental and cyber crimes; protection of victims and cultural heritage.
UNICRI has been instrumental in coordinating some activities of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme Network (PNI). For example, jointly with UNODC it coordinated a number of PNI workshops. In collaboration with UNDOC, UNICRI implemented project "Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in the Fight Against Corruption and Related Serious Crimes". The project aimed at enhancing the knowledge of international and regional legal instruments against corruption, in particular the United Nations Convention against Corruption and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Another example of successful cooperation with UNODC is "Programme of Action on Trafficking in Minors and Young from Nigeria to Italy for the purpose of sexual exploitation". The success of this programme led to the follow-up programme "Preventing and Combating Trafficking of Minors and Young Women from Nigeria to Italy", which is currently carried out by UNICRI in cooperation with the UNODC Field Office. Under UNODC projects in Afghanistan, such as "Strengthening anti-corruption measures in Afghanistan" and "Criminal Justice Capacity Building", UNICRI has been entrusted with the design of two different training manuals on corruption and drug related crimes to improve the professional skills and delivery capacity of judges and prosecutors in the selected provinces of Afghanistan.
The UNICRI Documentation/Information Center supports the Institute's research, training and field operations, and serves the PNIs. The Library's collection includes works on multidisciplinary aspects of crime prevention and criminal justice, including terrorism, drug abuse and trafficking. It amounts to more than 20.000 monographs, journals and yearbooks.
In April 2008, at the Seventeenth Session of the United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice the PNIs organized a workshop on "Eliminating Violence against Women: Forms, Strategies and Tools". The representative of UNICRI underlined the value of exchanging judicial information for improved prosecution of violence against women and girls, and timely victims' assistance. Accurate and comprehensive data and other documentation were presented as crucial in monitoring and enhancing State accountability for violence against women and for devising effective responses three examples of UNICRI's applied research programs were provided, including centralized databases for the prosecution of trafficking cases in Costa Rica, Thailand and Nigeria.Home page: http://www.unicri.it