1991/38 of the Economic and Social Council, the Commission was requested to give policy guidance to and to monitor the activities of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP), which is administered by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 46/185 of 20 December 1991, the Commission approves, on the basis of the proposals of the Executive Director, the budget of the Fund of UNDCP. The Fund accounts for over 90 per cent of the resources available to the United Nations for drug control.
In resolution 1999/30 of the Economic and Social Council, the Commission was requested to enhance its functioning. To that end, the agenda of the Commission was structured into two distinct segments: a normative segment, during which the Commission discharges its treaty-based and normative functions; and an operational segment, during which the Commission exercises its role as the governing body of UNODC.