Previous United Nations Crime Congresses
The United Nations Congresses on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders have been held every five years since 1955, following the dissolution of the International Penal and Penitentiary Commission (IPPC) by the General Assembly in 1950. Since 2005, they have been held under the name United Nations Congresses on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.
The UN Congresses on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders took place as follows:
|See also: United Nations Congresses on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 1955-2010: 55 Years of Achievement|
1955: First United Nations Congress, held in Geneva, adopts the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.
1960: Second United Nations Congress, held in London, focuses on the prevention of juvenile delinquency, prison labour, parole and after-care, and criminality resulting from social change and economic development.
1965: Third United Nations Congress, held in Stockholm, focuses on technical assistance in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice and criminological research for the prevention of crime and for vocational training, and recommended the employment of United Nations regional advisers.
1970: Fourth United Nations Congress, held in Kyoto, discusses social defence policies in relation to development planning, public participation in crime prevention and the organization of research for policy development in social defence.
1975: Fifth United Nations, held in Geneva, discusses, for the first time, the concept of crime as a business (including organized crime). Approves the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, which was subsequently developed by the Commission on Human Rights into a Convention.
1980: Sixth United Nations Congress, held in Caracas, adopts a Declaration which recognizes that crime prevention programmes must be based on the social, cultural, political and economic circumstances of countries and form part of the developmental planning process.
1985: Seventh United Nations, held in Milan, approves the Milan Plan of Action; the United Nations Standard Minimum rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice; the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power; the Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary; recommendations on the treatment of foreign prisoners and the first model bilateral treaty - the Model Agreement on the Transfer of Foreign Prisoners.
1990: Eighth United Nations Congress, held in Havana, approves model treaties on extraditio, mutual assistance in criminal matters, transfer of proceedings in criminal matters, transfer of supervision of offenders conditionally sentenced or conditionally released, the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures, the Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners, the United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency, the United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty, the Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, the Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors; and the Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers.
1995: Ninth United Nations, held in Cairo, focuses on international cooperation and practical technical assistance for strengthening the rule of law, action against transnational and organized crime, and the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment, criminal justice and police systems, and crime prevention strategies as related to crime in urban areas and juvenile and violent criminality. The Congress holds workshops as an integral part of its proceedings which discuss national strategies to combat specific kinds of crime and made recommendations to improve the international response to them.