Estimated world requirements of narcotic drugs in 1961

Abstract

In pursuance of the International Convention of 13 July 1931, the Drug Supervisory Body publishes an annual statement of estimated world requirements of narcotic drugs. This statement also includes estimates for the narcotic drugs brought under international control by virtue of the Protocol of 19 November 1948. Extracts from this statement for 1961 (Document E/DSB/18) follow.

Details

Pages: 42 to 43
Creation Date: 1961/01/01

Estimated world requirements of narcotic drugs in 1961

In pursuance of the International Convention of 13 July 1931, the Drug Supervisory Body publishes an annual statement of estimated world requirements of narcotic drugs. This statement also includes estimates for the narcotic drugs brought under international control by virtue of the Protocol of 19 November 1948. Extracts from this statement for 1961 (Document E/DSB/18) follow.

Operation of the Estimates System

In accordance with the provisions of the 1931 Convention, the estimates accepted by the Supervisory Body are used by the Permanent Central Opium Board in the calculation of manufacture and import limits for each country or territory and for each drug. It is therefore essential that the estimates should reflect requirements as faithfully as possible.

Receipt of Estimates for 1961

One hundred and thirteen countries and 67 non-metropolitan territories are shown in the statement for 1961. At the time when it was drawn up, estimates for 1961 had been received from 106 countries and 65 non-metropolitan territories. Under the 1931 Convention, it is the Supervisory Body's duty itself to establish the estimates of countries and territories for which none have been received, and thereby to ensure the universal application of the estimates system. The Supervisory Body has accordingly established estimates for 1961 in respect of seven countries and two non-metropolitan territories.

World Totals of Estimates from 1955 to 1961

The figures shown in the table on p. 43 are, for each drug, the sum of the " Total of the Estimates " defined in article 5, paragraph 2, of the 1931 Convention, 1of all the countries and territories in the world. The figures for the year 1961 will be modified by the supplementary or amended estimates received up to the end of the year.

1

Article 5, paragraph 2, reads in part:

" (a) The quantity necessary for use as such for medical and scientific needs, including the quantity required for the manufacture of preparations for the export of which export authorizations are not required, whether such preparations are intended for domestic consumption or for export;

" (b) The quantity necessary for the purpose of conversion, whether for domestic consumption or for export.

" The total of the estimates for each country or territory shall consist of the sum of the amounts specified under (a) and (b) of this paragraph. With the addition of any amounts which may be necessary to bring the reserve stocks and the government stocks up to the desired level, or after deduction of any amounts by which those stocks may exceed that level."

Kilogrammes

Drug
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
Benzylmorphine
100 100 138 141 150 96 86
Cocaine
3,797 3,028 2,778 2,891 2,581 2,382 1,766
Desomorphine
2 2 2 2 1 1 1
Diacetylmorphine
259 176 141 123 104 85 78
Dihydromorphine
4 24 14 11 11 11 9
Ecgonine
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
Ecgonine methyl ester
1
-
32 53 110 132 20
Hydrocodone
949 1,318 1,459 1,587 1,567 1,658 1,488
Hydromorphone
201 164 202 236 164 178 129
Metopon
5 4 3 3 3 5 2
Morphine
105,589 100,594 111,237 123,135 119,385 128,460 133,773
Morphine-N-Oxide
1 1
-
-
-
-
-
Nicomorphine
-
-
-
2 12 7 7
Normorphine
-
-
-
3 2 1 1
N-oxycodeine
-
-
-
-
1 2 2
Oxycodone
577 544 601 770 723 761 613
Oxymorphone
6 6 5 4 7 21 18
Thebacon
181 180 183 182 151 153 151
Thebaine
3,228 3,372 4,572 4,589 3,769 3,584 3,241
Acetylmethadol
1 1
-
-
-
-
-
Alphaprodine
90 84 75 77 68 62 57
Anileridine
-
-
717 886 1,078 731 831
Benzethidine
-
-
-
-
-
5 2
Betameprodine
3 2
-
-
-
-
-
Betaprodine
2 10 8
-
-
-
-
Dextromoramide
-
-
126 535 759 628 405
Diethylthiambutene
-
17 27 19 17 16 12
Dimepheptanol
2 2
-
1
-
-
-
Dimethylthiambutene
3 4 2 6 1 32 1
Dioxaphetyl butyrate
-
-
2 2 2
-
1
Diphenoxylate
-
-
-
-
-
1 1
Dipipanone
5 19 10 53 108 76 74
Ethylmethylthiambutene
1 1 2
-
1
-
-
Etoxeridine
-
-
-
31 13 3 3
Furethidine
-
-
-
-
-
5 2
Hydroxypethidine
2 2
-
-
-
-
-
Isomethadone
19 18 18 21 9 9 9
Ketobemidone
175 92 85 136 104 125 98
Levomethorphan
2 2
-
-
-
-
-
Levomoramide
-
-
-
-
196 326
-
Levorphanol
170 122 156 92 91 64 40
Metazocine
-
-
-
-
-
145
-
Methadone
900 691 906 769 852 821 630
Normethadone
30 107 198 286 290 457 402
Pethidine
17,927 16,328 17,994 17,216 18,162 19,134 16,500
Phenadoxone
134 105 82 65 40 35 24
Phenazocine
-
-
-
-
20 108 29
Piminodine
-
-
-
-
-
386 300
Properidine
1 65 41 35 27 19 12
Racemethorphan
2 2
-
-
-
-
-
Racemoramide
-
-
-
-
-
7 241
Racemorphan
5 3 3 2 4 1
-
Trimeperidine
-
-
-
1,150 1,200 1,400 902
Acetyldihydrocodeine
50 10 14 17 20 13 9
Codeine
99,065 94,225 105,639 106,609 110,853 114,478 109,068
Dihydrocodeine
1,483 1,806 1,816 2,621 3,720 3,396 3,097
Ethylmorphine
9,667 9,024 10,230 9,225 10,554 9,725 8,773
Pholcodine
1,184 1,085 1,320 1,646 1,505 1,753 1,663