Selected bibliography on khat


Chemistry Alkaloids


Pages: 95 to 99
Creation Date: 1980/01/01

Selected bibliography on khat *


Abbasy, M.A. The habitual use of "qat". Internationales Journal für prophylaktische Medizin und Sozialhygiene, 1:20-22, 1957.

Absieh, A. Le khat, toxique du territoire des Affars et des Issas. Thèse pour le Doctorat en Médecine, Université de Bordeaux, 1973.

Bally, P.R.O. Catha edulis. East African medical journal, 22:2-4, 1945.

Bamatraf, A.S. La plante de khat. Thèse pour le diplôme de Pharmacienchimiste, Faculté de Médecine, Université Syrienne, Damas, 1956.

Canzler, W. Catha edulis. Pharmazie, 10:177-180, 1962.

Chevalier, A. Less cats d'Arabie, d'Abyssinie et d'Afrique orientale. Revue de botanique appliquée, 29:413-417, 1949.

Editorial. The need for the control of khat. East African medical journal, 22:9-10, 1945.

Getahun, A., and A.D.Krikorian. Chat: coffee's rival from Harar, Ethiopia. I. Botany, cultivation and use. Economic botany, 27:353-377, 1973.

Hakem, H.A.R. Le khat au Soudan. Laboratoires de Criminologie au Soudan. Imprimé No. 1, 1972.

Heacock, R.A., and J.E. Forrest. Khat. Canadian journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 9:64-66, 1974.

Helfritz, H. El cat planta de la Arabia del Sur parecida a la coca. Farmacia Chilena, 8:343-346, 1944.

Hughes P.H. Khat chewing in Yemen. Paper presented at the 4th International Institute on the Prevention and Treatment of Drug Dependence, 1973, p.32-46.

Kervingant, Dr. The consumption of khat in French Somaliland. Bulletin on narcotics, XI:2:42, 1956.

Kuševic, V. What is kat? Thoughts on addiction. International Council on Alcohol and Addictions News, 1:7, 1973.

Le khat, toxique du territorie des Affars et des Issas. By M. Serise and others. Médecine légale et dommage corporel, 7:145-150, 1974.

From the report of the Expert Group on the Botany and Chemistry of Khat (MNAR/3/1979).

Lemordant, D. Contribution à l'étude du kat ( Catha edulis Forsk.). Thèse pour le Doctorat en Pharmacie, Université de Marseille, 1959.

Luqman, W., andT. S. Danowski. The use of khat ( Catha edulis)in Yemen. Social and medical observations. Annals of internal medicine, 85: 246-249, 1976.

Mancioli, M., andA. Parrinello. I1 qat ( Catha edulis) . Clinica terapeutica, 43: 103-172, 1967.

Nencini, P., M. Y. Hussen andM. X. Mohamed. Indagine sul consumo di khat nella città di Mogadiscio. Clinica terapeutica, 85:223-236, 1978.

Nordal, A., andM. M. Laane. Identification of khat. Meddelelser fra Norsk Farmaceutisk Selskap, 40:1-18, 1978.

Paris, R., andH. Moyse. Abyssinian tea ( Catha edulis Forsk., Celastraceae). A study of some samples of varying geographical origin. Bulletin on narcotics, 10:2:29-34, 1958.

Peters, D. W. A. Khat: its history, botany, chemistry and toxicology. The pharmaceutical journal, 169:17-18, 1952.

Qadan, S., andW. Ritzerfeld. Die Genuss- und Rauschgiftdroge Kat. Münchener medizinische Wochenschrift, 114:1290-1295, 1972.

Qadan, S. Catha edulis, eine wenig bekannte Rausch- und Genussdroge. Planta medica, 21:113-126, 1972.

Siering, O. Über den abessinischen Tee (kat). Deutsche Apotheker Zeitung, 97:791-792, 1957.

United Nations. Khat. Bulletin on narcotics, 8:4:6-13, 1956.

- - The medical and social problems of khat in Djibouti. Bulletin on narcotics, 9:4:34-36, 1957.

Vaille, Ch. Cannabis et khat. Nouvelle presse médicale, 5:1149-1150, 1976.


Beitter, A. Pharmakognostisch-chemische Untersuchung der Catha edulis. Thesis, Strasbourg, 1900.

Dezani, S. Ricerche farmacognostiche sulla "Catha edulis", Archivio di Chimica. Farmacognosia e scienze affini, V- VI: 159-172, 1918.

Elkiey, M. A., M. Karawya andM. G. Ghourab. A pharmacognostical study of Catha edulis Forsk. grown in Egypt. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences of the United Arab Republic, 9:127-142, 1968.

Flückiger, F. A., andJ. E. Gerock. Contributions to the knowledge of Cathaleaves. Yearbook of pharmacology, 340, 1887.

Green way, P.J. Khat. The East African agricultural journal, 13: 98-102, 1947.

Mancioli, M., andA. Parrinello. Il qat ( Catha edulis) . Clinica terapeutica, 43: 103-172, 1967.

Nordal, A. Khat-pharmacognostical aspects (in press).

Rehfous, L. Les stomates des Célastracées. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de Genève, 1:13-18, 1914.

Shadan, P., andE. J. Shellard. An anatomical study of Ethiopian khat (leaf of Catha edulis Forsk.). Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 14:110-118, 1962.

Chemistry Alkaloids

Alkaloids from Ethiopian Catha edulis. Structure of cathedulin-2 and -8. By R. L. Baxter and others. (MNAR/4/1977)

Constituents of Catha edulis. Isolation and structure of cathidine D. By M. Cais and others. Tetrahedron, 31:2727-2731, 1975.

Extractives of Catha edulis (khat): occurrence of celastraceaeous alkaloids having mono- and bis-macrolide bridges. By R. L. Baxter and others. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical communications, 463-465, 1976.

Karawya, M. S., M. A. Elkiey andM. G. Ghourab. A study of the alkaloids of Catha edulis Forsk. growing in Egypt. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences of the United Arab Republic, 9:147-157, 1968.

Luftmann, H., andG. Spiteller. Zur Struktur des cathidins aus Catha edulis F. Tetrahedron,30:2577-2578, 1974.

Structure of cathedulin alkaloids from Catha edulis (khat) of Kenyan and Ethiopian origin. By L. Crombie and others. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical communications, 107-108, 1978.

Structures of cathedulin-2 and Cathedulin-8, new sesquiterpene alkaloids from Catha edulis. By R. L. Baxter and others. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical communications, 465-466, 1976.

Über die Alkaloide aus Catha edulis. By G. Rucker and others. Planta medica, 24:61-65, 1973.

United Nations. Evonine-type polyester-alkaloids from khat. (MNAR/5/1976)

- - On the structure of the polyester alkaloids from khat. (MNAR/2/1977)

- - Substances isolated from khat. (MNAR/7/1977)


Gabriel, S. Wandlungen der Aminoketone. Berichte der Deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft, 41:1127-1156, 1908.

Leete, E. Biogenesis of d-norpseudoephedrine in Catha edulis. Chemistry and industry., 1088-1089, 16 August 1958.

Ristic, S. Über die Inhaltsstoffe von Catha edulis. Archiv der Pharmazie, 295:524-525,1962.

Paris, M. R., andH.Moyse. Essai de caractérisation du Kat ou thé des Abyssins (Catha edulis Forsk., Célastracées), drogue récemment inscrite au tableau B, Annales pharmaceutiques françaises, 15:89-97, 1957.

Participation of C 6-C 1 unit in the biosynthesis of ephedrine in Ephedra. ByK. Yamasaki and others. Phytochemistry, 12:2877-2882, 1973.

Schorno X., andE. Steinegger. The phenylalkylamines of Catha edulis Forsk.: the absolute configuration of cathinone. (MNAR/7/1978)

Sheehan, J. C., andW. A. Bolhofer. An improved procedure for the condensation of potassium phthalimide with organic halides. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 72:2786-2788, 1950.

Takamatsu, H. Optically active phenylpropanolamine derivatives I-IX, Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan, 76:1219-1276, 1956.

United Nations. Extraction, screening investigations and solvent separation of khat components. (MNAR/12/1974)

- - Investigations on the phenylalkylamine fraction. (MNAR/11/1975)

- - Note on the synthesis of cathinone and its "dimer" (3,6-dimethyl-2,5-diphenylpyrazine). (MNAR/3/1978)

Yamasaki, K., U. Sankawa andS. Shibata. Biosynthesis of ephedrine in Ephedra. Participation of C 6 - C 1 unit. Tetrahedron letters, 47:4099-4102, 1969.


El Sissi, H. I., andM. F. Abd Alla. Polyphenolics of the leaves of Catha edulis (part I). Planta medica, 14:76-83, 1966.

Krikorian, A. D., andA. Getahun. Chat: coffee's rival from Harar, Ethiopia. II. Chemical composition. Economic botany, 27:378-389, 1973.

Qadan, S. Über das ätherische öl von Catha edulis. Planta medica, 21:410-415, 1972.

Winterfeld, K., andG. Bernsmann. Zur Kenntnis der Inhaltsstoffe von Catha edulis Forskal. Archiv der Pharmazie, 63:991 - 1000, 1960.

United Nations. Some neutral substances from khat. (MNAR/10/1975)


Alles, G. A., M. D. Fairchild andM. Jensen. Chemical pharmacology of Catha edulis. Journal of medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry, 3:323-352,1961.

Ardouin, Ch., andY. Gendron. Manifestations psychiatriques de l'intoxication au khat Médecine et armées, 4:407-410, 1976

Editorial. Poisoning by khat or miraa, Catha edulis. East African medical journal, 22:1-2, 1945.

Carothers, J. C. Miraa as a cause of insanity. East African medical journal, 22:4-7, 1945.

El Guindy, M. K. Effects of Catha edulis (khat) chewing on human body. Journal of the Egyptian Medical Association, 54:230-234, 1971.

Friebel, H., andR. Brilla. Über den zentralerregenden Wirkstoff der frischen Blätter und Zweigspitzen von Catha edulis Forskal. Naturwissenschaften,50:354-355, 1963.

Frosch, F. Biopharmazeutische Untersuchungen an D-Norpseudoephedrin. Arzneimittelforschung,27:I:665-668, 1076-1078, 1977.

Galkin, V. A., andA. V. Mironychev. Effect of the narcotic kat (Catha edulis) on certain functions of the human body. Federation proceedings, 23:1741-1742, 1964.

Halbach, H. Medical aspects of the chewing of khat leaves. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 47:21-29, 1972.

Heisch, R. B. A case of poisoning by Catha edulis. East African medical journal, 22:7-10, 1945.

Le Bras, M., andY. Fretillere. Les aspects médicaux de la consommation habituelle du cath. Médecine tropicale, 25:720-732, 1965.

Lemordant, D. Toxicité et antagonistes du khat. Médecine tropicale, 26:124-129, 1966.

Maitai, C. K., andG. M. Mugera. Excretion of the active principle of Catha edulis (Miraa) in human urine. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 64:702-703, 1975.

Maitai, C. K. The toxicity of the plant Catha edulis in rats. Toxicon,15:363-366, 1977.

Margetts, E. L. Miraa and myrrh in East Africa - clinical notes about Catha edulis. Economic botany, 21:358-362, 1967.

Metzger, J. L'affaire de la d-norpseudoéphédrine. Schweizerische Apotheker-Zeitung, 115, 1977.

Raymond-Hamet, M. Sur l'action sympathicosthonique d'une Célastracée de l'Afrique orientale, le Catha edulis Forskal, Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. Groupe 13, 260:1020-1022, 1965.

Said, E. E. On some physiological aspects induced by khat administration. Proceedings of the Egyptian Academy of Sciences, 20:65-68, 1968.

Trellu, M. The pharmacodynamics of khat. Bulletin on narcotics, 11:2:43-44, 1959.

Witschi, M. d-Norpseudoephedrin, Schweizerische Apotheker-Zeitung, 115, 1977.