UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMME

Title

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMME

Sections

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMME
Vienna
BULLETIN
ON
NARCOTICS
Volume XLVI, No. 1, 1994
The family and drug abuse
UNITED NATIONS
Now York, 1994
UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATION
ISSN 0007-523X
PREFACE
Future issues
Editorial policy and guidelines for publication
Reprints, purchases and subscriptions
1985
1986*
1987*
1988 *
1989*
1990*
1991*
1992*
1993*
CONTENTS
Editorial note

Details

Pages: 1 to 7
Creation Date: 1994/01/01

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMME

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMME

Vienna

BULLETIN

ON

NARCOTICS

Volume XLVI, No. 1, 1994

The family and drug abuse

UNITED NATIONS

Now York, 1994

UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATION

ISSN 0007-523X

PREFACE

The Bulletin on Narcotics is designed to provide information on developments in drug control at the local, national, regional and international levels that would benefit the international community. It is a United Nations publication that is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

Individuals and organizations are invited by the Editor to contribute articles to the Bulletindealing with policies, approaches, measures and developments (theoretical and/or practical) relating to various aspects of the drug control effort. Of particular interest are the results of research, studies and practical experience that would provide useful information for policy makers, practitioners and experts, as well as the public at large.

Future issues

A general issue on drug abuse in 1994 and two commemorative issues to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations in 1995 will be among the future issues of the Bulletin.

Editorial policy and guidelines for publication

All manuscripts submitted for publication in the Bulletinshould constitute original and scholarly work that has not been published else- where or is not being submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere. The work should be of relatively high professional calibre in order to meet the requirements of a United Nations technical publication. Contributors are kindly asked to exercise discretion in the content of manuscripts so as to exclude any critical judgement of a particular national or regional situation.

The preferred mode of transmission of manuscripts is in WordPerfect format (DOS). Each submitted manuscript should consist of an original hard copy and a 3.5" diskette (in WordPerfect for the text and Excel or Lotus for charts and tables) in any of the six official languages of the United Nations. The manuscript should be accompanied by an abstract of approximately 200 words and by a complete set of references numbered in the order of their appearance in the text. The manuscript should be between 10 and 20 double-spaced typewritten pages, including tables, figures and references. Tables should be self - explanatory and should supplement, not duplicate, information provided in the text.

Manuscripts, together with brief curricula vitae of their authors, should be addressed to the Editor, Bulletin on Narcotics, United Nations International Drug Control Programme, P.O. Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria. A transmittal letter should designate one author as correspondent and include his or her complete address, telephone number and, if available, telex or facsimile number. Unpublished manuscripts will be returned to the authors; however, the United Nations cannot be held responsible for loss.

Views expressed in signed articles published in the Bulletinare those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the United Nations Secretariat. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of any frontiers or boundaries.

Material published in the Bulletinis the property of the United Nations and enjoys copyright protection in accordance with the provisions of Protocol 2 annexed to the Universal Copyright Convention concerning the application of that Convention to the works of certain international organizations.

Reprints, purchases and subscriptions

The following special issues of the Bulletinare available as United Nations publications:

1985

Scientific developments relating to detection techniques for the control of drugs (vol. 37, No. 1)

Drugs and youth: double issue devoted to the International Youth Year, 1985 (vol. 37, Nos. 2 and 3)

Cannabis (vol. 37, No. 4)

1986[*]

Nature and extent of drug abuse problems and social responses: double issue (vol. 38, Nos. 1 and 2)

1987[*]

Regional and interregional responses to the drug abuse phenomenon (vol. 39, No. 1)

The prevention and reduction of the illicit demand for drugs (vol. 39, No. 2)

1988 [*]

Treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration of drug- dependent persons (vol. 40, No. 1)

1989[*]

Drug abuse assessment: double issue (vol. 41, Nos. I and 2)

1990[*]

Emerging directions and trends in drug abuse control (vol. 42, No. 1)

1991[*]

Involvement of intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations in matters of drug abuse control (vol. 43, No. 1)

1992[*]

The role of law enforcement agencies in drug abuse control (vol. 44, No. 1)

The environmental impact of drug abuse (vol. 44, No. 2)

1993[*]

Policy issues relating to drug abuse and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (vol. 45, No. 1)

Drug testing in the workplace (vol. 45, No. 2)

Requests for permission to reprint signed material should be addressed to the Secretary of the Publications Board, United Nations, New York, New York 10017.

Correspondence regarding the purchase of copies of and subscriptions to the Bulletinshould be addressed as follows:

For Asia, North America, Oceania and South America:

The Chief

Sales Section

United Nations Headquarters

New York, New York 10017

United States of America

For Africa, Europe and the Middle East:

The Chief

Distribution and Sales Section

United Nations Office at Geneva

Palais des Nations

CH-1211 Geneva 10

Switzerland

CONTENTS

Page

Preface iii

Editorial note 1

The dynamic interaction between family and substance dependence: an international perspective by L-N. Hsu 3

Perinatal morbidity and mortality in substance using families: effects and intervention strategies by L. P. Finnegan 19

The family in Thailand and drug demand reduction: problems of urban Thai society in transition by S. Spielmann 45

Culture, drug abuse and some reflections on the family by M. Charles, E. J. Masihi, H. Y. Siddiqui,

S. V. Jogarao, H. DLima, U. Mehta and G. Britto 67

The family and substance abuse in the United Republic of

Tanzania by G. P. Kilonzo and S. F. Kaaya 87

Editorial note

The present issue of the Bulletin on Narcotics is devoted to the theme of drug abuse and the family. It is a contribution of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) to the International Year of the Family, observed in 1994.

There has been an alarming increase in the number of substance abusers in both drug-crop-producing and non-producing countries. The family can have either a positive or a negative influence on an individual's decision and choice with regard to psychoactive substance abuse. The family can be the first line of defence in preventing substance abuse among its members. It is usually the first to suffer from both the acute and the long-term consequences of substance-abusing members. One of the most prevalent negative consequences of drug abuse, in addition to the damage done to health, is the breakdown of the family. Strengthening the coping skills of the family could enhance its ability to prevent the harmful consequences of drug abuse.

The articles in the present special issue have been contributed by experts from Africa, the Americas and Asia. The first article provides an analysis of the psychosocial and economic issues related to drug abuse and the family, including research from countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia, central Asia and Europe. The second article analyses the physiological and social issues related to the perinatal period and drug abuse, on the basis of research done in the Americas. The third article deals with the relationship between drug abuse among youth and the state of the family in Thailand, analysing the influence of rapidly changing social and economic conditions on that relationship. The fourth article presents the anthropological perspective of the role of drug use among adults in several different minority groups in India. The final article analyses the situation of drug use in Africa and the role of the elders.

01

* Year in which the number of issues published was reduced because of financial constraints.