COOPERATION WITHIN THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM
UNODC participates in several inter-agency initiatives on firearms and continues to cooperate with relevant organizations and entities with the aim of strengthening partnerships, promoting the Firearms Protocol and advocating for more integrated approaches to firearms control matters. UNODC is a member of the Coordinating Action on Small Arms (CASA), which is the United Nations system-wide coordination platform established by the Secretary-General to promote exchange information and coordination on ongoing initiatives. It is composed of 22 United Nations bodies working from different angles on the prevention of armed violence and mitigation of the impact of small arms and light weapons (SALW) on societies, communities and individuals through their specific field of action. Through CASA, UNODC has provided regular information to all CASA partners on UNODC's activities and on the work of the Conference of the Parties. In addition, CASA produced joint statements and reports, to which UNODC has substantively contributed.
UNODC is also a member of the United Nations inter-agency armed violence prevention programme (AVPP), together with the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Children's Fund, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme, and the World Health Organization. The aim of the AVPP is to develop effective responses to armed violence founded on a clear understanding of the causes, nature and impact of armed violence, and on best practices generated from violence reduction and prevention initiatives to date.
UNODC cooperates with the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate on terrorism and it is increasing its cooperation in the area of firearms control, both directly and through CASA. The Executive Directorate is a member of the Project Advisory group established under UNODC's Global Project on Firearms. The two organizations cooperate especially in the field of legislative development and capacity building in prevention and control of firearms criminality and related crimes.
UNODC has continued to cooperate both at Headquarters and at field level with the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) and with its Regional Centres. At policy development level, UNODC and the Secretariat to the Programme of Action (UNODA) have worked towards the common goal of enhancing the coordination and information exchange among the Conference of the Parties and the Biannual Meeting of States to consider the implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, with a view to establishing greater synergies between the two inter-governmental processes. At the field level, both organizations are currently coordinating the implementation of their respective projects on firearms in West Africa.
COOPERATION WITH OTHER INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
THE EUROPEAN UNION
UNODC has maintained a close cooperation with the European Union on a number of subject areas. The EU is currently the major donor to UNODC's work on firearms. Thanks to its financial support, UNODC launched its Global Project on Firearms, to provide support to fifteen countries that form part of the project. In the coming months, UNODC intends to explore options with the EU, for a possible enlargement of its cooperation to other regions and requesting countries.
INTERPOL and UNODC are currently implementing, with the financial support of the European Union, two separate but complementary projects on firearms in nearly the same countries and regions. This has provided a fruitful ground for enhanced cooperation. INTERPOL is a member of the UNODC Project Advisory Group and its representatives attended a meeting of experts for the development of a comprehensive training curriculum on firearms in October 2011 in Vienna. UNODC is a member of the INTERPOL Advisory Group for the development of the INTERPOL Illicit Arms Records and Tracing Management System (iARMS).
UNODC has established a cooperation with the Working Group on Firearms and Explosives of MERCOSUR, in order to mutually support the implementation of the Protocol and strengthen and support ongoing harmonization in the region. From 3 to 4 November 2011, UNODC attended the XXII meeting of the Working Group, held in Montevideo, Uruguay, to present the GPF and discuss forms of cooperation between the two organizations and to contribute to strengthening the Working Group as a regular platform for cooperation and information exchange on firearms-related issues. Similar cooperation is also established also with the Secretariat of the Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS) with regard to the implementation of the West African segment of the project.
OSCE and UNODC adopted a Joint UNODC/OSCE Action Plan for 2011-2012 and are about to extend it for 2013-2014. The Plan foresees a close and sustained cooperation and joint policy and programme development inter alia in the area of fighting illicit trafficking in firearms/small arms and light weapons.