One of the most imminent objectives of a comprehensive regulatory framework control regime is to reduce the availability of illegal firearms and ammunition. This is an important condition to reducing armed violence and gun criminality, and therefore an essential element of a comprehensive firearms control strategy. As part of the Global Project on Firearms, UNODC assists Member States in reducing the availability of illegal arms and ammunition, and in strengthening their regulatory framework on firearms in areas such as marking, record keeping, transfer controls, collection and destruction of firearms, both through normative development and through practical and operational support in the implementation of specific technical aspects of such regime. Such can include the following activities:
Implementing effective record keeping systems
UNODC will assist countries in increasing their ability to conduct operations related to tracing of firearms owned by individuals, legal entities, national law enforcement and defense institutions. The development and implementation of electronic system(s) for weapons registration and record-keeping will result in the implementation of the requirements for registration and record-keeping established under the Firearms Protocol and the International Tracing Instrument.
Support for marking of firearms
UNODC also supports the efforts of beneficiary countries to fully implement the Protocol requirements on marking, in particular import marking. Such support can range from theoretical training and capacity building support to operational support for the actual establishment of marking machines and facilities, and to ensure its related training. For that, UNODC seeks to coordinate and cooperate with other bilateral, regional and international partners and service providers who may have already developed some activities in the field of marking.
National and sub-regional approach
This activity is to be coordinated at national and sub-regional levels. This includes awareness-raising activities for the implementation of arms collection campaigns, registration and legalization of seized arms, and provision of adequate training of competent law enforcement personnel in the identification, registration of collected firearms and ammunition and their safe storage.
Firearms and ammunition destruction
The weapons and ammunition collection during the campaign together with the weapons seized and confiscated during search and seizure operations will be destroyed locally in an environmentally friendly way. Standard operating procedures will be implemented to secure, when required, the necessary legal steps to support evidence gathering and judicial court proceedings.
Management of weapons and ammunition stockpiles
UNODC will assist States, upon request, in strengthening their stockpile management capacity through the development of capacity building tools in the framework of the comprehensive training curriculum under development by UNODC. UNODC will also deliver specialized trainings for officials responsible for material resources in the law enforcement and defense institutions, and for personnel directly engaged with day-to-day handling of weapons and ammunition.